Prof. Dr. Gabriele Gramelsberger
Alumni FU Berlin
Matthias Heymann, Gabriele Gramelsberger, Martin Mahony (eds.): Cultures of Prediction in Atmospheric and Climate Science, Routledge Environmental Humanities 2017
In recent decades science has experienced a revolutionary shift. The development and extensive application of computer modelling and simulation has transformed the knowledge-making practices of scientific fields as diverse as astro-physics, genetics, robotics and demography. This epistemic transformation has brought with it a simultaneous heightening of political relevance and a renewal of international policy agendas, raising crucial questions about the nature and application of simulation knowledges throughout public policy.
2017, March, 288 pages, £95.00
Routledge Environmental Humanities
»Publisher's Page of Cultures of Prediction (external link, english)
Table of Content
1. Introduction by Matthias Heymann, Gabriele Gramelsberger, Martin Mahony
2. Key characteristics of cultures of prediction by Matthias Heymann, Gabriele Gramelsberger, Martin Mahony
Part I Junctions: Science and politics of prediction
3. Calculating the weather. Emerging cultures of meteorological prediction in late ninetieth and early twentieth century Europe by Gabriele Gramelsberger, Berlin
4. Which design for a weather predictor? Speculating on the future of electronic forecasting in post-war America by Christoph Rosol, Berlin
5.A new climate. Hubert H. Lamb and boundary work at the UK Meteorological Office by Janet Martin-Nielsen, Brussels
6. From heuristic to predictive. Making climate models into political instruments by Matthias Heymann, Nils Randlev Hundebøl - both Aarhus
7. How to develop climate models? The "gamble" of improving climate model parameterizations by Hélène Guillemot, Paris
Part II Challenges and debates: Negotiating and using simulation knowledge
8. The (re)emergence of regional climate. Mobile models, regional visions and the government of climate change by Martin Mahony, Nottingham
9. Bellwether, exceptionalism, and other tropes. Political coproduction of arctic climate modelingby Nina Wormbs, Ralf Döscher, Annika E. Nilsson, Sverker Sörlin - all Stockholm
10. From predictive to instructive. Using models for geo engineering by Johann Feichter, Markus Quante - Hamburg, Luneburg
11. Validating models in the face of uncertainty. Geotechnical engineering and dike vulnerability in the Netherlands by Matthijs Kouw, Amsterdam
12. Tracing uncertainty management through four IPCC Assessment Reports and beyond by Catharina Landstrom, Oxford
13. The future face of the Earth. The visual semantics of the future in the climate change imagery of the IPCC by Birgit Schneider, Potsdam
14. About the authors
"Predicting the (climatic) future is never an innocent or neutral act. Climate predictions emerge from particular value-laden cultures; hence these predicted futures exert a powerful control over the present. For this reason, the ‘black-box’ of climate prediction needs critical scrutiny from the social and humanistic sciences, a task brilliantly executed in this new collection of essays."
Mike Hulme, Professor of Climate and Culture, King’s College London
"This is a truly outstanding survey of the cultures of prediction in the field of atmospheric and climate science. Through case studies and illustrative examples drawn from a wide range of countries and disciplines, the authors skillfully trace both epistemic and cultural shifts in modelling and simulation techniques."
Helmuth Trischler, Head of Research of the Deutsches Museum, Munich, and Director of the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society, University of Munich
"Prediction is everywhere in our societies but we usually do not interrogate how we actually do predictions, including in environmental sciences. Cultures of Prediction is thus essential reading – and a fascinating set of case studies. But more, it illuminates beautifully the culture and politics of expertise in global environmental change."
Mark Carey, Associate Professor of History and Environmental Studies, Clark Honors College, University of Oregon
"Cultures of Prediction brings together a wonderfully rich kaleidoscope of empirical perspectives to create a new vision for the social study of atmospheric and climate science. The unifying focus on computer modelling and simulation represents a substantial and very timely intellectual achievement. It is an indispensable resource for academics and practitioners alike."
Phaedra Daipha, Rutgers University, author of Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth
"Because it addresses weather and climate models from multiple perspectives, scholars from science and social science disciplines will find this book of interest as it touches on the intersection of science and politics in model development, knowledge development, and applications."
Kristine C. Harper, Associate Professor of History, Department of History, Florida State University, Tallahassee
Matthias Heymann is Associate Professor for the History of Science and Technology at the Centre for Science Studies, Aarhus University, Denmark.
Gabriele Gramelsberger is a Professor for Philosophy of Digital Media at the University Witten/Herdecke, Germany.
Martin Mahony is a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow in the School of Geography, University of Nottingham.