Dr. Gabriele Gramelsberger
FU Institute of Philosophy


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DFG Network Atmosphere+Algorithms

G. Gramelsberger: Computerexperimente, Bielefeld 2009

Gramelsberger, Feichter: Climate Change and Policy, Heidelberg et al. 2011

"Computer Based Simulation-New Tools of Knowledge Production" (Meteorology)
2009 - 2012, DFG Research Network "Atmosphere & Algorithms"
2008, Guest Researcher, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg
2004 - 2007, Research Project "Computer Based Simulation-New Tools of Knowledge Production", Institute of Philosophy, FU Freie Universitaet Berlin (BMBF "Science-Policy-Studies" Initiative)

The research analyses the change of knowledge production in science caused by using computers as scientific tools. The research is focused on three aspects:
1. History and philosophy of dynamical meteorology
2. Methods of evaluation of simmulation models and results and the problems of uncertainty
3. The communication of scientific results produced to the public.

Based on case studies in the fields of genetics and climate research, the empirical study (2004- 2008) investigated the attitudes and motivations of researchers making simulation based results valid and communicating this results in an adequate way to the public.

Since the 1950´s computer simulations are used in science. Expanding computer capacities, the development of simulation tools and algorithms, and increasing complex visualisation technologies establish computer simulations as powerful instruments of scientific knowledge production beside theory and experimentation. Regarding simulations as activities in a virtual laboratory setting comparable to experimenting in a laboratory setting this way of knowledge production is determined by various conditions: the digital and algorithmic processing of data, modelling and using computer power to run the models. These conditions restrict the simulation based knowledge production and lead to a methodological inherent potential of uncertainty. The efforts to keep the uncertainties in an acceptable limit of error tolerance force the focal question about the methods and practises to construct the simulation models and to validate the results. To investigate these methods and practises the research project will focus the following aspects:

* History: Study of relevant documents.
* Model construction: Empirical study of the construction of simulation models in genetic and climate research; investigation of the advantages and disadvantages of simple respectively complex models
* Evaluation: Empirical study of the methods and practises to validate the results in genetic and climate research; developing a matrix of ways of validation and a typology of uncertainties; study of former models in climate research to show the development of validation structures.
* Public Communication: Empirical study of scientist's awareness of communication to the public; discussion of the uncertainty question and the limit of communicating the problems of uncertainties to the public.

»Project Report (external link, german)


Information
Convenor: 2009-2012, DFG Research Network "Atmosphere & Algorithms" »Information (link, english)

Guest Researcher: 2008, January - July, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Hamburg

Principal Investigator BMBF Research Project: 2004, October - 2007, December
Expertise and Exploratory Study: 2002, January - 2004, May
The research period 2002-2007 was funded by the BMBF German Federal Ministry of Research as one of twelve projects of the "Science-Policy-Studies" Initiative, coordinated by the BBAW Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Science »Science-Policy-Studies BBAW (english, external link)


Results
Gabriele Gramelsberger; Johann Feichter (eds.): Climate Change and Policy. The Calculability of Climate Change and the Challenge of Uncertainty, Springer: Heidelberg, 2011 »Content Table (link, english)

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "What do numerical models really represent?", in: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science (special issue: "Model-Based Representation in Scientific Practice"), in press 2011, doi: 10.1016/j.shpsa.2010.11.037) online prepress by Elsevier

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Generation of Evidence in Simulation Runs: Interlinking With Models for Predicting Weather and Climate Change", in: Simulation & Gaming (in press 2011, doi: 10.1177/ 1046878110375671) online prepress by Sage

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Conceiving processes in atmospheric models - General equations, subscale parameterizations, and 'superparameterizations'", in: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 41, 2010, pp. 233-241 doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2003.10.071

Gabriele Gramelsberger: Computerexperimente. Wandel der Wissenschaft im Zeitalter des Computers, Bielefeld: Transcript 2010 »Content Table (link, german) Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Conceiving meteorology as the exact science of the atmosphere - Vilhelm Bjerknes revolutionary paper from 1904", in: Meteorologische Zeitschrift 18, 6, 2009: 663-667 doi: 10.1127/0941-2948/2009/0415

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Paradoxien oekologischer Reflexivitaet", in: Zeitschrift fuer Kulturwissenschaften 6, 2009: 45-54

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Conceiving meteorology as the exact science of the atmosphere - Vilhelm Bjerknes revolutionary paper from 1904", in: Meteorologische Zeitschrift 18, 6, 2009: 663-667 doi: 10.1127/0941-2948/2009/0415

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Die numerische Expertise der Automatenhirne. Rationale Prognostik und Computermodelle", in: Heinrich Hartmann, Jakob Vogel (Hrsg.): Prognosen. Zukunftswissen und Expertise in Wirtschaft, Politik und Gesellschaft, Campus: Frankfurt 2009: 213-230

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Simulation - Analyse der organisationellen Etablierungsbestrebungen der (neuen) epistemischen Kultur des Simulierens am Beispiel der Klimamodellierung", in: Jost Halfmann, falk Schuetzenmeister (eds.): Organisation(en) der Forschung, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag fuer Sozialwissenschaften, 2009: 30-52

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "CO2, Fische und das Klima im Computermodell", in: Jens Soentgen, Armin Reller (Hrsg.): CO2 - Lebenselixier und Klimakiller, Oekom: Muenchen 2009: 181-193

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Die praezise elektronische Phantasie der Automatenhirne. Eine Analyse der Logik und Epistemik simulierter Weltbilder", in: Martina Hessler, Dieter Mersch (Hrsg.): Logik des Bildlichen. Zur Kritik der ikonischen Vernunft, Berlin: Transcript 2009: 73-90

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Computersimulationen - Neue Instrumente der Wissensproduktion", in: Renate Mayntz, Peter Weingart, Ulrich Wengenroth (eds.): Wissen fuer Entscheidungsprozesse, Bielefeld: Transcript 2008: 75-95

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "The Epistemic Texture of Simulated Worlds", in: Andrea Gleininger, Georg Vrachliotis (Hg.): Simulation. Context Architecture, Basel: Birkhaeuser 2008: 83-91

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Das epistemische Gewebe simulierter Welten", in: Andrea Gleininger, Georg Vrachliotis (Hg.): Simulation. Kontext Architektur, Basel: Birkhaeuser 2008: 83-91

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Berechenbare Zukuenfte - Computer, Katastrophen und Oeffentlichkeit. Eine Inhaltsanalyse futurologischer und klimatologischer Artikel der Wochenzeitschrift Der Spiegel", in: CCP Communication Cooperation Participation, E-Journal fuer nachhaltige gesellschaftliche Transformationsprozesse, CPP 1/2007: 28-51 »CPP (210kb pdf, german)

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Story Telling with Code - Archaeology of Climate Modelling", in: TeamEthno-online, Issue 2, University of Lancaster, June 2006: 77-84 »TeamEthno-online (650kb pdf, english)

Gabriele Gramelsberger: "Simulation als Kreativitaetstechnik", in: Guenter Abel (eds.): Kreativitaet, XX. Deutscher Kongress fuer Philosophie, Sektionsband 1, TU Berlin, 2005: 435-445


Gabriele Gramelsberger: Computerexperimente in der Klimaforschung, BMBF Federal Ministry of Research, FU Berlin/BBAW Berlin, March 2007, 92 p.

Gabriele Gramelsberger: Computersimulationen - Neue Instrumente der Wissensproduktion, BMBF Federal Ministry of Research/BBAW Berlin, May 2004, 80 p. »Science-Policy-Studies (external link, german)

Gabriele Gramelsberger: Computergestuetzte Forschung, BMBF Federal Ministry of Research/BBAW Berlin, May 2002, 80 p. »Science-Policy-Studies (external link, german)