In the subsequent sections we are going to predict values of a spatially distributed variable at locations where it was not observed based on a set of observations. In the first example we make inferences on the mean annual rainfall in Germany based on a set of observations at 586 DWD weather stations. In the second example we predict the spatial distribution of Zinc in Lake Rangsdorf based on 32 sediment samples taken during a field survey in 2017.
The general procedure is outlined below. First, if necessary, we prepare the data for subsequent analysis. Then we investigate the sample variogram and propose a variogram model that fits the observational data. Then we evaluate the different models using the root mean squared error (RMSE) as model assessment metric. Finally we use the
scikit-gstat package for spatial prediction.
Before we continue recall Tobler's first law of geography:
"Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things."
The E-Learning project SOGA-Py was developed at the Department of Earth Sciences by Annette Rudolph, Joachim Krois and Kai Hartmann. You can reach us via mail by soga[at]zedat.fu-berlin.de.
Please cite as follow: Rudolph, A., Krois, J., Hartmann, K. (2023): Statistics and Geodata Analysis using Python (SOGA-Py). Department of Earth Sciences, Freie Universitaet Berlin.