Dr Bhanot's Malay-English Cyber-Dictionary
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D

dabik
to beat or thump




dacing
weighing scale or balance




dada
chest

mendada: to walk proudly; to strut




dadah
drug




dadak
sudden; abrupt




dadih
curdle




dadu
dice




daerah
district

kedaerahan: regionalism




daftar
register

berdaftar: registered
mendaftar: to register or enrol
mendaftarkan: to register or enrol
pendaftar: registrar
pendaftaran: registration




dagang
foreign; alien; trade

dagangan: merchandise
berdagang: to trade
memperdagangkan: to commercialise; to trade in something
pedagang: trader; merchant
perdagangan: trade; commerce




daging
meat; flesh




dagu
chin




dahaga
thirsty

mendahagakan: to cause thirst




daham
hum; clear throat

berdaham: to hum; to clear throat especially to attract attention




dahan
branch (of plant)




dahi
forehead




dahsyat
horrible; awful; terrible




dahulu
before; former; of the past; earlier

dahulu kala: long ago
mendahului: to be ahead
mendahulukan: to advance or bring forward
pendahuluan: a preface; an advance (of payment, etc.)
terdahulu: earlier




daif
weak; feeble; humble; lowly

kedaifan: weakness; incompetence




dajal
mischievous




dakap
embrace or hug

berdakap: to embrace or hug
dakapan: a hug
berdakap-dakapan: embracing one another
mendakap: to embrace or hug




daki
(1)dirt or stain (2)climb

pendakian: a climb
mendaki: to climb or ascend
pendaki: climber
terdaki: to manage to climb




dakwa
accusation

dakwaan: summons; accusation; indictment
mendakwa: to accuse; to indict; to charge
pendakwa: prosecutor; complainant
pendakwaan: prosecution; summons




dakwah
sermon or preaching

berdakwah: to preach
pendakwah: preacher




dakwat
ink




dakyah
propaganda




dalal
fee or commission




dalam
(1)inside; in (2)deep

dalamnya: depth; profundity
mendalam: profound; detailed
mendalami: to probe further
mendalamkan: deepen
pedalaman: hinterland; interior
sedalam: as deep as
sedalam-dalamnya: as thoroughly as possible




dalang
mastermind

mendalangi: to mastermind




dalih
equivocation; pretext

berdalih: to give excuses
berdalih-dalihan: to blame one another
mendalihkan: to feign; to pretend




dalil
proof




dam
draughts (board game)




damai
peace; tranquility

berdamai: to make peace
kedamaian: peace; tranquility
mendamaikan: to pacify
pendamai: peacemaker; mediator
perdamaian: peace




damak
dart (for blow-pipe)




damar
resin




dampar
cast ashore; stranded

terdampar: washed ashore; stranded




damping
intimate (friendship)

berdampingan: adjacent; adjoining; side by side; close to
mendampingi: to stand next to; to flank




dan
and




danau
lake




dandan
coiffure; hair-style

dandanan: coiffure; make-up; outfit
berdandan: adorned
mendandan: to adorn




dangau
small temporary hut (in rice-field or orchard)




dangkal
shallow; unintelligent

kedangkalan: shallowness; superficiality




dansa
dance




dapat
earn; get as reward; gain as interest; can (be able to)

mendapat: to receive; to obtain
mendapati: to realise; to discover
mendapatkan: to get; to communicate
pendapat: opinion
pendapatan: income
sedapat-dapatnya: if possible; as far as possible
terdapat: found; discovered




dapur
kitchen; stove




dara
maiden; virgin




darab
multiplication

mendarabkan: to multiply
pendarab: multiplier




darah
blood

darah daging: blood relation
darah muda: youthful
darah panas: hot-headed
darah tinggi: hypertension
berdarah: bloody; bleeding
pendarahan: haemorrhage
sedarah: of the same family line




darat
land

daratan: mainland
mendarat: to land
mendaratkan: to bring something to land
pendaratan: landing




dari
from (place or time)




daripada
from (person)




darjah
degree; standard; class




darjat
status; rank

berdarjat: of high rank or status
sedarjat: of equal status




darurat
emergency




das
gun or rifle shot




dasar
base; policy; underlying principle

berdasarkan: based upon




datang
come or arrive

mendatang: to come or appear suddenly
kedatangan: arrival
mendatangi: to pay a visit; to attack; to invade
mendatangkan: to bring about
pendatang: immigrant




datar
flat; even

dataran: plain; area of flat land
mendatar: horizontal; level or flat




datin
a title of distinction for woman




datuk
(1)grandfather (2)title of distinction for man and woman




daulat
majesty; kingly power

berdaulat: sovereign; supreme
kedaulatan: sovereignty




daun
leaf

berdaun: having leaves




dawai
wire

mendawaikan: to connect wires in
pendawaian: wiring




daya
power; capacity; ability

memperdayakan: to cheat or deceive
berdaya: to have the ability
sedaya: to the extent possible
terdaya: capable of
terperdaya: tricked; deceived




dayang
court maiden




dayu
rumble; moan

mendayu: to rumble; to moan




dayung
oar

berdayung: rowing (boat)
mendayung: to row
pendayung: oarsman




dayus
man whose wife has committed adultery




debar
palpitation or throbbing

debaran: throbbing or palpitation
berdebar: to throb or palpitate
mendebarkan: to cause to palpitate




debu
dust; dirt

berdebu: dusty




debunga
pollen

mendebungakan: to pollinate
pendebungaan: pollination




debus
whistling or rustling sound




dedah
divulge; expose; reveal

mendedahkan: to introduce; to expose; to reveal
pendedahan: revelation; exposure
terdedah: exposed




dedak
bran




degil
stubborn; obstinate

kedegilan: stubbornness




dekah
guffaw; loud laughter




dekan
dean




dekat
near

berdekatan: nearby
kedekatan: proximity
mendekati: to come close to
berdekat: to be nearby
terdekat: nearest




delapan
eight




delima
(1) ruby (2) pomegranate




demam
fever




demi
(1) for (2) when (3) one by one (4) by (for oath or vow)

berdemi: to swear by the name of God




demikian
thus; hence; therefore




denai
spoor; track or scent left by an animal




denda
fine (imposed for offence)




dendam
revenge; grudge; spite

berdendam: having a grudge
mendendami: to have a grudge against
pendendam: the person who has a grudge




dendang
singing happily and for fun

berdendang: to sing gaily
dendangan: singing
mendendangkan: to sing for someone




dengan
with




dengar
hear or listen

mendengar: to hear or listen
kedengaran: audible
mendengarkan: to listen to; to overhear
memperdengarkan: to let someone hear
pendengar: listener
pendengaran: sense of hearing




dengki
jealousy; envy

berdengki-dengkian: jealous; envious
mendengki: to envy; to spite
kedengkian: jealousy; envy




dengking
squeal; yelp (of a dog)

berdengking: to yelp; to squeal
mendengking: to yelp; to squeal




dengkur
snore

berdengkur: to snore




dengung
buzzing sound

berdengung: to buzz




dengus
a snort




dengut
emit a long murmur




denting
a tinkling sound




dentum
an explosive sound

dentuman: a loud bang
berdentum: to make a loud bang




denyut
beat (heart) or throb

denyutan: a beat (heart); a throb; pulsation
berdenyut: to pulsate; to throb; to beat (heart)




depa
fathom; length measured by outstretched arms

mendepakan: to stretch the arms out sideways




depan
front

di depan: in front
ke depan: to the front
berdepan: face to face
mengedepankan: to bring forward; to propose
terdepan: foremost
terkedepan: first in line




dera
punish

deraan: punishment
mendera: to punish; to abuse




derai
crumble




deram
a growl

berderam-deram: to rumble
menderam: to growl




derap
(1)footstep (2)pattering sound




deras
rapid; quick; swift




derau
sound of wind in the rain




deret
row or line

deretan: rows (of houses)
berderet: in rows
berderet-deret: lined up in rows
berderetan: lined up in rows
sederet: in a single row or line




derhaka
disloyal; treacherous

menderhaka: to betray
penderhaka: traitor
penderhakaan: betrayal; treachery




deria
sense (e.g. sight, smell, hearing, taste, touch)




dering
a chime or burr

berdering: to ring (of phone); to chirp




derita
suffering or distress

menderita: to suffer
penderitaan: suffering




derma
donation

dermawan: philanthropist
menderma: to donate
mendermakan: to donate something
penderma: donor




dermaga
wharf or dock




deru
roar

menderu: to roar
deruan: a roar




desa
countryside




desak
insist or urge; jostle; press

desakan: pressure; compelling force
mendesak: to push; to urge
terdesak: desperate




desas-desus
heresay; rumour




desing
whistle of the wind




desir
rustle of leaves; hissing or sizzling sound

desiran: rustle; hiss




destar
turban




desur
babbling sound




detak
throbbing or thumping




detik
second or moment; tick

berdetik: ticking
terdetik: ticking




dewa
male deity or god

mendewa-dewakan: to show excessive devotion




dewan
hall; council

Dewan Negara: Senate
Dewan Rakyat: House of Representatives (Lower House of Parliament)




dewasa
adult

kedewasaan: adulthood




dewi
female deity or goddess




di
at




dia
he or she; him or her; it; his




diam
(1)silent or quiet (2)inhabit or live

diam ubi: quiet but diligent person
diam-diam: secretly; quietly
kediaman: residence
mendiami: to reside or inhabit
mendiamkan: to silence
mendiamkan diri: to become silent
pendiam: quiet person
terdiam: become speechless or silent




dian
candle




diang
bask

berdiang: to bask




didih
boil

mendidih: to boil




didik
educate or train; bring up (children); breed

didikan: educational training; upbringing
berpendidikan: educated
mendidik: to educate; to train; to teach; to nurture
pendidik: teacher; educator
pendidikan: education
terdidik: educated; well brought up




dif
guess




dikau
you




dikit
a few; a little

berdikit-dikit: bit by bit




dinding
wall

pendinding: a screen or partition
berdindingkan: walled
mendindingi: to enclose within a wall




dingin
cold

kedinginan: coldness





dinihari
before dawn




diraja
royal




diri
(1) oneself (2) stand

berdiri: to stand
mendirikan: to build; to erect
pendirian: standpoint
terdiri: to consist of




Disember
December




doa
prayer

berdoa: to beg; to pray
mendoa: to beg; to pray
mendoakan: to pray for




dobi
laundry or dhobi




dodoi
lullaby

mendodoikan: to sing to sleep




dodol
a sweet Malay delicacy




dogol
bald

kedogolan: baldness
mendogolkan: to make bald




dompet
purse; wallet




dondang
swinging-cot

dondang-sayang: a traditional Malay song sung alternately by two persons




dongak
tilt the head upwards

mendongak: to tilt the head upwards
mendongakkan: to tilt the head upwards




dongeng
fable; myth

dongengan: fable; myth




dorong
impel; urge into being interested; motivate

mendorong: to impel; to urge; to motivate
dorongan: urging; motivation; encouragement
pendorong: one who impels
terdorong: motivated




dosa
sin

berdosa: to be sinful




dua
two

dua sejoli: lovebirds
berdua: both
berdua-dua: two by two
berdua-duaan: the only pair
kedua: second
menduakan: to make two of




dubur
anus




duda
widower




duduk
(1)to sit (2)to stay or reside

duduk-duduk: sit around
duduknya: situation
berpenduduk: populated
bersekedudukan: to live together
kedudukan: situation; position
menduduki: to occupy for residence
mendudukkan: to place; to seat
terduduk: to flop down
penduduk: inhabitant




duga
guess

menduga: to guess
dugaan: anticipation; conjecture; trials




duit
money




duka
sadness; grief; sorrow

duka lara: sorrowful
kedukaan: sorrow




dukacita
feeling sorry; sad

berdukacita: to grieve
mendukacitakan: to aggrieve




dukun
medicine man




dukung
carry astride the back or waist

mendukung: to carry astride the back or waist
berdukung: to be seated astride the back or waist
pendukung: one who carries something or someone astride the back or waist




dulang
tray

mendulang: to pan for ores




duli
your majesty; dust




dungu
stupid

kedunguan: stupidity




dunia
world

duniawi: worldly
keduniaan: worldliness
sedunia: the whole world




duri
thorn

berduri: thorny




durjana
evil; wicked




dusta
a lie; untrue statement

berdusta: to lie
mendustai: to lie to




dusun
orchard




duta
envoy; ambassador

kedutaan: embassy




duyun
in a swarm or crowd

berduyun-duyun: in a swarm or crowd




duyung
mermaid




dwi
dual

dwibahasa: bilingual
dwibulanan: bimonthly
dwimata: binocular
dwipihak: bipartite
dwitahunan: biennial






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