The InterPsych Newsletter 2(2)




                             TABLE OF CONTENTS

     Section 0:     INDEX
     (File #1)

     Section A:     NEWS
     (File #2)      1.   Suicide counseling by e-mail
                    2.   Multiple personality disorder electronic
                         conference report

     (File #3)      1.   InterPsych Update
                    2.   SIG Update
                    3.   New rural-care list
                    3.   Positions available within InterPsych

     Section C:     RESEARCH
     (File #4)      "The Decapitation of Health Care"
                    Robert A. Fink, M. D., F.A.C.S.

     Section D:     RESOURCE UPDATE
     (File #5)      1: NEWSGROUPS
                    2: MAILISTS
                       Rural care conference
                       Mental health assessment and outcomes
                       Intimate violence
                       School-to-work transition
                       APA division 12 list
                    3: OTHER RESOURCES
                       Interpersonal computing and technology:
                       an electronic journal for the 21st
                       Tutorials on presentations
                       Task force on displaced professionals

     Section E:     CALENDAR
     (File #6)

     Section F:     ANNOUNCEMENTS
     (File #7)      1:   Study of male sexual abuse survivors
                    2:   NIMH study on borderline personality
                    3:   European multicentre epidemiology study
                    4:   Mental health videos in health centres
                    5:   US HUD forum
                    6:   Essay contest
                    7:   Studies on the development of
                    8:   Center for the evaluative clinical
                         sciences at Dartmouth Medical School
                    9:   Call for papers:The Journal of Mental
                         Health Administration
                    10:  Call for papers: Clinical Child
                         Psychology and Psychiatry
                    11:  Membership to Advanced Feminist Therapy

     Section G:     EMPLOYMENT
     (File #8)

     Section H:     LETTERS
     (File #9)



Editor-in-Chief:    Sean P. Sullivan
Managing Editors:   Sunkyo Kwon        Joseph Plaud
Documents manager:  Ric Ferraro

News:               Lori Beth Bisbey   Nancy Tice
                    Burt Knight        Marilyn Austin
IP & SIG Update:    Joe Plaud          Ric Ferraro
Research:           Sunkyo Kwon
Resources:          Jeff Luria         John Grohol
Calendar:           John Grohol        Sean P. Sullivan
Employment:         John Grohol        Sean P. Sullivan

The InterPsych Newsletter,  ISSN 1355-2562, is an electronic
publication of InterPsych.  The newsletter is distributed on a
monthly basis free of charge to all members of InterPsych.

Back issues can be retrieved three different ways:
1. telnet login bubl selct item 7, option 2 for
2. ftp

InterPsych does not hold itself responsible for statements made
in the InterPsych Newsletter by contributors.  Unless stated
otherwise,  the material in the InterPsych Newsletter does not
reflect the endorsement, attitude, or position of the Board of
Directors of InterPsych or the editors of the InterPsych

We encourage you to distribute copies of or excerpts from the
InterPsych Newsletter with the following limitations:

A) Material cannot be altered or changed in any way without
   the written permission of the newsletter
B) All material used must indicate that it first appeared in
   the InterPsych Newsletter (volume and issue number cited)
   and is reprinted with permission.
C) Permission must be obtained for mailing list distribution
   of the complete newsletter
D) The InterPsych Newsletter address must be cited within
   any excerpts (
E) Documents may NOT be copied or excerpted for commercial
   purposes without the written permission of IPN.

InterPsych is a non-profit, voluntary organization, established
on Mailbase with the aim of promoting international scholarly
collaboration on inter-disciplinary research efforts in the field
of mental health.

To enquire about the InterPsych Newsletter, please send a
message to Sean P. Sullivan, Editor-in-Chief, InterPsych
Newsletter (


                       SECTION A: NEWS

                          * INDEX *

               CONFERENCE REPORT


When the power and reach of the Internet joins with the caring
and compassion of a friend, a new and valuable asset is
created.Suicide Counseling by E-mail was launched on July 14,
1994 and proved so successful that an Internet domain was
opened.  The Samaritans, a non-religious charity in
Cheltenham, England, now offers emotional support to the
suicidal and despairing via the Internet.  At the launch of
their new Internet domain, Mike Haines, Director of the
Samaritans, said: "During the test month we received over 200
messages. Many were from well- wishers,journalists and
academics but there were around 15 very desperate people as
well.  The need for a full launch of our service with an
easier address was amply demonstrated."  In the first 2 months
of operation, 48 people in at least 4 countries have contacted
the Samaritans, demonstrating the need for the service. Since
then,  the number of E-mail users has increased to 3 per day
and the numbers continue increasing as the resource becomes
better known.

E-mail's anonymity has helped in the success of  the pilot
project. Statistically, the suicide rate among males is four
times that of females but females are more likely to contact a
Suicide Counseling group for help.  E-mail has changed the
contact statistics and it appears that equal numbers of men
and women are contacting the Samaritans. The Samaritans have
offered support to the suicidal and despairing  for over 40
years by phone, visit and letter and E-mail expands their
services to a wider area. Callers are guaranteed
confidentiality and retain the right to make their own
decisions including the decision to end their life.
Samaritans are unpaid Volunteers who are carefully selected
and trained for this work.  Those working with E-mail have
additional training and volunteers read and reply to mail
every day of the year. A nominal end date of December 31, 1994
had been set for the E-mail service but initial results have
been so encouraging that it is likely to run indefinitely.

The  idea for  an Internet service was born when  a volunteer
was exploring the UK - based Compulink Information  Exchange
(CIX)conferencing service. Here, he discovered the "suicide
help" self-help group and Newsnet groups such as
"".After discussions with The Samaritans
General Office, it was decided to try the E-Mail service from
Cheltenham. US Robotics assisted the project by donation of a
modem and the staff at CIX assisted in the creation of the
Internet domain.

Is working over the Net good "treatment"? Steve 305 at the
Samaritans' help-line says: "What we see is raw emotion and
openness from our callers. Some of them would be unable to
express their feelings in any other way. It also provides
access and privacy for the disabled and geographically
isolated. Our confidentiality rules prevent me from quoting
what callers have written to us but it would be very familiar
to people in the Usenet groups,

The Samaritans can be reached at:
     The Samaritans of Cheltenham and District
     3 Clarence Road
     CHELTENHA, Glos, United Kingdom
     Emergency phone: +44 242 515777
     Press enquiries: +44 452 854017
     Anonymous E-mail:



On Sunday, October 30, 1994 at 12 PM EST, a conference on
Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD), organized by Dr. Ivan
Goldberg ( was held.  During the
approximately two hours the conference lasted,  17
participants enjoyed a lively discourse in an informal
atmosphere that elucidated some of major concerns around the
diagnosis of MPD. This issue is currently  hot  as news media
and professionals are identifying and publicizing it more. It
is surrounded by controversy both in the courts and in
clinical circles.  Is it  a true diagnostic category?  Is
there a successful treatment  intervention?  These were some
of the questions participants were interested in answering. A
brief summary follows:

Dr. Goldberg provoked a substantive exchange of ideas by
sending his own paper on the subject, and a recommendation of
readings prior to the conference (Multiple Personality
Disorder, Paul R. McHugh, unpublished paper) and  (August,
Piper, Jr.  Multiple Personality Disorder. British Journal of
Psychiatry. 1994, 164, 600-612.)  Both of these papers can be
obtained through Dr. Goldberg.

It was apparent, that the main issue to be addressed was the
viability of the diagnosis MPD.  The issue of its  ubiquitous
symptom picture, its sensitivity to iatrogenic influence, and
its relationship to other syndromes and diagnostic entities
were debated.  Iatrogenic is defined as, Induced
unintentionally by a physician through his diagnosis,
manner, or treatment; of or pertaining to the induction of
(mental or bodily) disorders, symptoms, etc., in this way.
(OED).  Several cases were presented by conferees currently
working with MPD patients or with some prior experience with

One of the first lines of discussion dealt with current DSM
III-R and DSM IV terminology,  particularly the inclusion of
an amnesia  criterion.  The DSM IV categorizes MPD under
Dissociative Identity Disorder. This quickly led to an
exploration of the use of "dissociative units" in some
hospitals, and the possible influence of MPD patients   on
each other in their experience and reporting of symptoms. An
interesting discussion of the ""
newsgroup ensued.  The potential for self-reinforcement of
multiple personalities  as well as the benefits of "support"
was pointed out.  It was suggested that the "simulations" and
"histrionic" expressions of MPD might prove to be helpful in
determining that MPD is a unique disorder. The point was made
that the public (and some clinicians) often does not
discriminate between people who falsely believe they have
multiple personalities and people who "actually (have) a
multitude of personalities that do exist within them."
Moreover, there is an inherent difficulty in empirically
demonstrating such a difference.  Patients who are diagnosed
as such may be merely displaying a unique facility for
partitioning experience, a kind of self-hypnosis.

The discussion quickly moved to clinical interventions and
strategies with everyone agreeing that respect for the
experience of the patient while at the same time focusing on
the "whole" of unified personality was the preferred overall
treatment approach.  However, specific treatment modalities
were not discussed.

Dr. Goldberg, cogently summarized by asking,  "Am I correct
in thinking that we all agree that DID/MPD is a dissociative
disorder that may arise without iatrogenesis but that
iatrogenesis is relatively common too?*  This received
unanimous endorsement. The success of these conferences
clearly depends on participants being able to voice questions
and comments without  stepping  on one another while at the
same time focusing on one issue at a time. Dr. Goldberg, a
veteran "e-conferencer",  facilitated such an exchange of
thoughts and ideas.  (JL)


                           SECTION B:


|This section serves to foster awareness among InterPsych's  |
|members of discussions in different SIGs and to encourage   |
|people to become active in InterPsych. This section contains|
|two general article types: a) Short articles discussing     |
|current developments at Interpsych and b) summarizations of |
|recent discussions in the SIGs.  If you are interested in   |
|writing a summary for a group that you belong to, please    |
|contact Sean Sullivan (  To comment|
|on an article in this section, send a message to            |
|(                                 |

                          * INDEX *

          C. DEPRESSION
          D. RURAL CARE


As the end of the year draws nearer and the Mailbase deadline
approaches, InterPsych is continuing to plan for the
changeover to a new physical location.  This changeover should
not affect InterPsych's conferences or operations in any way.

The InterPsych Strategic Planning Committee (SPC) is now
operational.  With InterPsych's interests and programs
growing, there was a strong need to become systematic and
organized about how InterPsych's daily and long term affairs
were managed.  The SPC was formed to this end.  The SPC is
charged and empowered by the Board of Directors of InterPsych
to do the following:

1. Proposals
    a. Issue guidelines for Requests for Proposals
    b. Receive Proposals
    c. Decide which proposals IP should enact
2. Generate vision for IP
    a. Suggest new directions to Board
    b. Issue calls for proposals
    c. Empower such ad hoc committees as necessary to run IP
3. Oversee Financial Obligations of IP
    a. Determine financial plan
    b. Oversee financial administration

The following positions on the SPC have been filled:

Charles Stinson:         Chair
Ian Pitchford:           Executive Secretary
Marty Seligman:          President of InterPsych
Beth Hudnall Stamm:      Chair of ad-hoc documents committee
David DiLalla:           Chair of SciPub Committee
Ivan Goldberg:           Chair of Synchronous Teleconferencing
Ben Goldhagen:           Commercial Director

Additional positions on the committee are currently being
discussed.  As the SPC was set up only several weeks ago, the
committee is in its early phase of work - such as
incorporating InterPsych as a nonprofit organization and
developing alliances with university departments throughout
the world.  If you have any questions about the organization
of the SPC, please contact Ian Pitchford

InterPsych has a new legal team: Diedra O'Conner Quinn & Steve
Tucker at the firm White & Case.  This arrangement was made
through the Lawyers Alliance for New York, who has been giving
InterPsych legal advice up to the present.  InterPsych started
with the Lawyer's Alliance with the understanding they would
refer us to a large firm as soon as possible, as InterPsych's
needs are greater than the Lawyer's Alliance could handle
in-house. White & Case is a large firm with offices around the
world.  We look forward to working with them in the future.

The number of Special Interest Groups (SIGs) continues to
grow. A SIG in Rural Care was recently created and has grown
in membership quickly (see SIG Update below).  Still, there is
great interest in continuing to expand the number of SIGs that
InterPsych sponsors.  Some groups that have been discussed are
an AIDS/HIV group, a Geriatrics/Elderly care group, and a
Substance Abuse group.  If you are interested in moderating
one of these groups or would just like to voice your opinion
that these groups should be created, please send a message to
the IPN mailbox (  If there are
other SIGs that you would like to see created, send a message
to the same address.  As InterPsych was formed to serve the
mental health community, we are always interested in finding
new ways to help our members.  (JJP, SPS)


Below are summaries of recent discussions for some of the SIGs
that InterPsych sponsors.

The clinical-psychology SIG remains active, with over 400
members.  A new  list, called Div12 began last month, which is
open to all members of APA  Division 12 (including graduate
student affiliates).  Write to Dr. Joseph  J. Plaud
( for details.  Recent debate on the
clinical-psychology list has included diploma mills that grant
doctorates, extended debate over the validity of the DSM-IV
classification system, and most recently debate over the use
of the Rorschach.  (JJP)

Clinical-Psychophysiology was initiated two month ago by Dr.
Arnon Rolnick from the Israeli Association for Applied
Psychophysiology and Biofeedback. Since then we "enlisted"
almost 250 people from the following countries: Australia,
Britain, Canada, Germany, Italy, Israel, Japan, Korea,
Netherlands, New Zealand Switzerland,, Taiwan, and USA.
About fifth of our members are joining us via commercial
networks (50 members have the *.com extension).  Three leading
scholars has joined me in as members of the board.  Prof.
Michael Rosenbaum from Tel-Aviv University, Prof. Steven Wolf
from Emory School of Medicine, Prof. Niels Birbaumer from the
University of Tubingen, Germany.  Prof. Rosenbaum, Prof. Wolf
and Prof. Birbaumer will help me to steer this list.  A
contact was made with the American Association for Applied
Psychophysiology and Biofeedback which also announced the
existence of the list in its publications . We also receive
some help from commercial companies: The list is partially
sponsored by UltraMind International. Other sources of support
will be gladly accepted.   The forum is still in its formative
period:  the level of activity varies and sometimes the list
is almost dormant. I intend to ask members to introduce
themselves and tell us their interests, research area, and
clinical work that they are doing.  Contributor: Arnon Rolnick

The Depression SIG has started a journal club; nominations for
articles, as well as volunteers to 'host' a given club, are
currently being solicited.  We will attempt to contact authors
of chosen articles, and include the authors in our discussion.
The club has the potential to be instructive and fun--please
participate!  Contributor: Thomas Joiner

Rural-Care is off to a grand start.  After only two weeks of
being on-line, we have over 180 people signed up on the
conference.  This group seems to be focusing in directions
that are heretofore uncommon on rural discussion lists.  Many
of those who are participating in Rural-Care, serve extremely
isolated areas and areas in developing nations. Topics of
discussion for the first two weeks have centered around
defining rural/bush and can we do this?  After some animated
interchange, the discussion shifted to Why we need to define
rural.  What makes it different to deliver health care
services to some areas when compared to others?  Some of the
popular ideas focus on population density, infrastructure,
transportation, and of course, resources.   Some of the
areas that are represented by the Rural-Care people are
Alaska, Australia, KwaZulu-Natal, Finland, England, Germany,
Canada, including the Northwest territories and the "lower 48"
of the USA. We are a broadly defined group with members from a
large number of different backgrounds including mental health,
nursing, virology, and general medicine.  In addition, there
are a number of students who are in training who wish to
establish their practices in rural/remote/bush areas. Overall,
there seems to be a positive feeling about being able to
connect from seriously remote areas of the world.
Contributor: B. Hudnall Stamm


This  conference has been set up to encourage an exchange of
ideas, opinions, and information among persons concerned with
the delivery of mental health services to individuals in rural
and bush areas.  The conference is intended for health care
workers in all types of settings.

Beth Hudnall Stamm, Ph.D. (

To join send a message to
subscribe rural-care


InterPsych, a rapidly growing non-profit organization devoted
to seeking developments in the understanding and treatment of
mental health problems, urgently seeks enthusiastic volunteers
for the for the positions below. Rewards include working with
an international group of clinicians and scholars for the
greater good of humanity!  To apply for positions, send a
message to Ian Pitchford (,
Secretary, InterPsych Board of Directors.

Someone who will survey, analyze and keep records regarding
InterPsych membership, design a questionnaire to be filled out
when a person first joins InterPsych.  Be able to spot trends,
identify areas of strengths and weaknesses regarding mailing
list subscription, IVC usage, e-conference load, etc.

To design databases for use with WWW, includes form

IMAGINATIVE front end programmer needed. Look and Feel kind of
person. A programmer who sees himself or herself as an artist,
profound understanding for system architecture and navigation
mechanisms required.

IMAGINATIVE HTML programmer needed.  To write pages for IVC,
the _InterPsych Virtual Campus_. Look and feel characteristics
are as important as back end beauty, to work with FRONT END


                    SECTION C: ARTICLE

| In this section  is  an  non-reviewed  article submitted  |
| by Dr. Fink. Until early in 95,  scientific contributions |
| will be screened for appropriateness, but basically un-   |
| reviewed. If you submit, please indicate, whether you     |
| choose the non-review option or wish review (which will   |
| mean that you will have a lag between submission &        |
| publication of approx. 2-5 months, depending on date of   |
| submission & reviewers' feedback).  To submit an article  |
| to this section, please send an ASCII version of the      |
| manuscript to the IPN Mailbox (|

The Decapitation of Health Care

Robert A. Fink, M. D., F.A.C.S.

Americans are about to experience a cataclysmic change in
the way that they receive their health care.  Forces,
operative for more than a decade (since 1984 in California),
have been relentlessly progressing which, if they are
carried to their logical completion, will result in the
virtual total dismantling of the American health care system
as we have known it.  Sadly, the public, the so-called
"consumers" of health care, are, in most instances, totally
unaware of how the way that they are treated for illness or
injury is about to change.

Political issues such as the Clinton Health Care Plan (which
surely appears destined for either defeat or severe
"watering down" by Congress and the politicians), and
Proposition 186, the "Single-Payer Initiative" before the
California voters this November (which is projected as a
"loser" as well), periodically awaken the interest of the
lay public.  I have learned, both as an interested and
politically aware individual, and as a practicing physician,
that most of the general public has virtually no idea of
what the politicians, bureaucrats, and multimillion-dollar
insurance companies have in store for us in the near future.
Occasionally, an article or two appears, often in the
"alternative media" (such as two excellent articles which
recently appeared in Children's Advocate, an independent
publication produced by the Action Alliance for Children)
which discuss the sweeping changes which are about to take
place in health care.  Often, these articles, as correct as
they are, become couched in the complicated terminology of
the healthcare industry and political organizations.  The
result is that the ordinary layperson cannot decipher the
"bottom line", a line which will reduce the much-vaunted
American health care system to a level of mediocrity and
compassionless regulation that will shock the average person
accustomed to the "glory days" of American medicine,
formerly the envy of the world.  An oft-repeated comment at
some of the many meetings of health care people which I have
attended recently is the thought of having a health care
system "with the efficiency of the Post Office and the
compassion of the Internal Revenue Service"!

We have had, at least in California, examples of "pre-paid
health care", for many years.  This dates back to the
revolutionary ideas of the late Henry J. Kaiser, who
established the original Kaiser health care system at the
Richmond, California, shipyards to care for his workers
during World War II.  This system of prepaid health care has
evolved into the present Kaiser Health Plan, a plan which
has become the largest such system in this country; and
which, in my opinion, is probably the best of such forms of
health care delivery.  One can state that there is a
"downside" to this type of prepaid health care; but, in
general, those people who obtain their care through the
Kaiser Plan are satisfied with the system; and besides, one
was not required to participate in such a system.  One could
opt for health care under a more "traditional"
fee-for-service system, this with the aid of health
insurance, paid for either by one's employer, or by oneself.

I will not, in this article, even begin to detail the
sweeping changes in the health insurance industry since the
advent of the "Blues" system (Blue Cross and Blue Shield),
or even the changes brought about in the sixties by the rise
of the Medicare and Medicaid systems.  Neither will I here
address the geometric rise of health care costs of the last
several decades, partly due to the proliferation of new
technologies which, although they are expensive, are
frequently life-saving.  If one considers the cost savings
in the preservation of productivity of individuals saved by
this technology, one witnesses a true miracle of science.
Part of the escalation of costs is due to the increasing
proliferation of facilities designed to utilize these
technologies resulting from the trend, stimulated by
Government, to "decentralize" the delivery of health care
and provide such in "our own communities".

In 1984, two bills were passed in the California Legislature
which, at the time, went almost unnoticed by the general
public.  These two bills, in simplest terms, removed from
California Law, a restriction which had existed, both de
facto and de jure, since the last century.  Prior to 1984,
the practice of medicine had been restricted to those
professionals who possessed a license, issued by an
examining Board only after the applicant had demonstrated
his or her competence by way of a review of credentials and
an examination.  The laws passed in 1984 repealed this
restriction, and essentially said that hospitals, insurance
companies, and others, not licensed on the basis of
professional competence, could engage in the regulation and
provision of medical care, the making of medical judgments,
the establishment of guidelines for care, and the selection
of "approved" drugs and technology.  A few of us saw how
this change could radically affect the care of patients.  It
is interesting to note that this was also the time when
"physicians" became known as "providers" and "patients"
became known as "consumers" of health care.  Yet none of us
realized how cataclysmic these changes would be only a
decade after the enabling legislation was passed.

The impetus for the writing of this article was engendered
by what I heard at a recent medical staff meeting at one of
the local hospitals at which I practice.  The subject of
this meeting was "Understanding and Evaluating Capitation",
and the guest speaker was an physician who, although he had
practiced primary care medicine in the past (internal
medicine), his present position was that of a senior
actuarial executive for a nationally-known firm specializing
in developing prepaid health care coverage on a "capitated"
basis.  What I heard at that seminar both angered and
saddened me.  Since the age of six, I had wanted to be a
physician, and had spent almost two decades in rigorous
study and training in order to achieve this goal.  I have
been a physician for the past twenty-eight years, and have
practiced specialty medicine in the San Francisco Bay Area.
At the age of 56, I am probably at the "peak" of my
professional abilities and experience; and yet, I envision a
time very soon where I shall consider retirement rather than
participate in what appears to me to represent a perversion
of the tradition of excellence that has been the bulwark of
American medicine.

Capitation, what does that mean?  The word is based on the
Latin word Caput, meaning "head".  Capitation, in a
medical/economic sense, means practice of medicine by head
count, or, as the insurance actuaries say, "per life per
month".  Please read life as "person".  A health care system
based on capitation is an economic scheme; most of these
programs pay but lip-service to quality of care, and are
purely systems of cost control.  A group of actuaries, after
looking at the "at risk population" (the persons covered by
the insurance plan), decide what it will cost, "per life per
month", to pay for the health care required by these
individuals.  After deducting a percentage (the figure given
at the above seminar was 20%) for "administrative costs"
which include the often highly inflated salaries and
benefits of the senior management personnel, the Plan
develops a "capitated rate of reimbursement" to the
"providers" participating in the plan.  Thus, a primary care
physician, a family practitioner or internist, with a panel
of 1000 patients, would be paid a figure, for example, $4.50
"per life per month".  The physician would be paid each and
every month, whether or not those patients needed medical
care.  Thus, the primary care physician would receive $4,500
per month on a regular basis whether or not he or she saw
any patients, or whether all 1,000 of the patients required
major medical care during that month.  The beauty of this
system is that it would be to the physician's advantage to
supply the least amount of health care that he or she could
get by with.  The more care he or she delivered (because it
costs money to supply health care), the less the physician
would "clear" in the form of earnings.  I recall, many years
ago, hearing the Chief Executive Officer of an early (and
successful) capitated health plan attribute the fiscal
success of his organization to the "secret" of having
"learned how to supply the minimal amount of medical care
that the public would stomach".  Thus, this system of
capitation reverses the old trend where a physician was
allegedly encouraged to supply care because the more care he
or she supplied, the higher the income.  Now, under
capitation, a physician is encouraged to withhold or
postpone care if guidelines of "medical necessity" (another
new "buzzword") are equivocal.  In the old days, if there
was a question as to whether a patient should be seen and
cared for, the benefit of the doubt went in favor of the
care; now it is the reverse.  Now, if a physician practicing
under "managed care" guidelines supplies care to a patient,
and the "managed care entity" (often represented by an
Administrator with little or no contemporary medical
experience) decides that the care provided was "not
medically necessary", the physician is not paid.  Under the
capitation schemes, if the physician supplies "too much
care", he/she will soon find that the overhead of supplying
the care will result in a net loss to the practice.  It is
also likely that the physician's contract with the capitated
plan will not be renewed because he/she is "inefficient" or,
in the newspeak of "managed competition", is a "cost
outlier".  I could continue on and on as regards the
implications of capitation on the relationships between
physicians and their patients; but space does not permit
such in this article.

Some time late in 1994, or perhaps in early 1995, a large
number of Californians, with health insurance provided for
by their employers, are going to receive a rude shock.  Just
recently, one of the large pre-paid HMO entities, Qual-Med
of California, entered into a merger with HealthNet, another
large health insurance carrier.  Qual-Med is the product of
yet another earlier "buyout" of an organization called
HEALS, an Health Maintenance Organization founded by a group
of physicians in Berkeley, California more than a decade ago
in an attempt to provide high-quality prepaid care to a
large segment of the local population.  HEALS, an "HMO/IPA"
organization was designed both to preserve patients' rights
to choose physicians of their choice, and to afford good
health insurance with minimal "out of pocket" outlay.
Physicians who agreed to participate in the HEALS/Qual-Med
organization saw patients in their own offices, subjected
their non-emergency treatment plans to a panel of their
peers for review, and agreed to accept a "discounted" fee
for their services.  This was in return for a larger
patient-base and a system which allowed for reimbursement
without having to bill and collect from patients.  While
there were some problems with some of the mechanics of this
system, it generally worked well, and, up until recently,
both patients and physicians were reasonably happy with the
system.  In effect, the HEALS/Qual-Med system was a great
deal like Kaiser, but had the added advantage of allowing,
for the most part, free selection of both physician and the
hospital.  I (although this was considered radical and
smacking of socialized medicine by some at the time) was one
of the initial members of the HEALS panel of physicians and
continued on in this capacity when Qual-Med, a Colorado
corporation, purchased HEALS several years ago.

Now, with the acquisition of Qual-Med by HealthNet, Qual-Med
is about to convert to a capitated plan.  Both primary care
physicians and specialists will be forced to affiliate with
several large medical groups, previously contracted with
HealthNet on a capitated basis to accept a "flat rate"
reimbursement based on "per life per month" schedules.  If
physicians do not wish to accept a "capitated" system, they
will no longer be able to care for patients enrolled under
the plan.  Patients of mine who I have seen for many years,
often for serious and chronic illnesses, will suddenly find
that they will either have to pay for continued care out of
their own pockets, or they will have to select a new
physician who is a member of the capitated medical group
affiliated with their "new" insurance.  Each "layer" of this
construction; the parent carrier, the "contracted medical
group", the individual physicians' offices; will have their
respective administrative costs, this further diluting the
funds available for the actual care of patients.  Since
many, if not most, of these patients will have their
insurance provided for by their employers, they will have no
choice.  Even if they wished to obtain private individual
insurance in order to retain their freedom of choice of
physician and/or hospital, their pre-existing chronic
condition would result in a refusal of any new insurance
carrier to accept them due to "risk factors".

Capitation is even becoming a threat to the poor, the
unemployed, and the elderly.  Federal Medicare has recently
set up pilot projects with capitated entities ("Senior
Security", "Secure Horizons", and others) which have
contracted with Medicare to assume liability for the care of
Medicare-covered individuals.  Prospective patients are
enticed into these plans with promises of "no deductibles",
"no co-insurance" (the partial payments required under
standard Medicare); yet these same patients do not realize
that, by contracting with these other entities, they are
giving up their freedom of choice of physician and hospital,
and are binding themselves to future care by physicians who
are contracting members of the medical groups affiliated
with the outside insurance companies.  Such entities'
contracts with participating physicians are almost always on
a capitated basis, and the "utilization review" controls are
often relentless.  Imagine an elderly individual who has
just required a major operation and who finds that the
"guidelines" dictate a hospital stay of 48 hours or less.
Under a capitated plan, you will be forced to go home
(interesting if you are elderly and live alone), or,
perhaps, be sent to a Nursing Home to recuperate, when a few
extra days in an acute hospital setting may be the most
effective way to get you back to good health and

The recent article in Children's Advocate also pointed out
that, later this year, or in early 1995 at the latest, the
state Medicaid program (called Medi-Cal in California) is
also going to join the ranks of "managed care" and
"capitation".  Thus, the already deeply-discounted
reimbursements in the Medi-Cal system will be reduced even
further, and yet another layer of bureaucratic management
will be inserted between patient and physician.  In the case
of the Medi-Cal system, there are already too few physicians
who are willing to accept the low reimbursements.
Physicians are currently reimbursed in the range of 30% of
what would be considered a "reasonable" fee.  A further
erosion of the reimbursement rate, along with yet another
level of paperwork requirements, will most likely result in
even fewer physicians being willing to accept Med-Cal
patients.  This will result in a further reduction of
accessibility of care for the poor and disabled.

As one who has been involved in the practice of medicine for
most of my adult life, I have no illusions as to the
"perfection" of the old fee-for-service, indemnity-based,
insurance system.  There are many problems with the old
system, and the cause of these problems cannot be blamed on
any one of the many sectors in the health care environment.
There are instances of avarice and insensitivity, prejudice,
ignorance, and other negative factors operating in the world
of American health care; but, at root, our system of caring
for the sick and injured has been the best of many in the
world.  The time has come for true reform in the delivery of
health care, so that all Americans will have an "equal
playing field" in the matter of health.  I believe that,
indeed, in our rich and advanced country, health care for
all is a right.  There are ways to provide this right to all
without denying the equally moral right of health care
professionals to receive fair recompense for their work.  At
the same time, it is repugnant to most good people to have a
few highly-paid administrative types profiting from the
bureaucracy which is dismantling American medicine in a way
which would shock and sadden the great pioneers in medical
science.  During the last hundred years, the advances in
health care have raised our quality of life to a level which
our ancestors could not have imagined.

Proposals such as Proposition 186 on the November ballot in
California (which I support) are a beginning in our attempts
to extend the benefits of modern medicine on a universal
basis.  I also believe that the proposed Clinton Health Care
Plan falls short of the mark.  I do not support it mainly
because it encourages the very type of health care which I
have written about.  I feel that some form of universal
health care coverage, and probably with a "single-payer"
infrastructure, is an idea whose time has come.  This will
put a stop to the ill-advised, unfair, and morally
reprehensible schemes of capitation now being foisted upon
an unsuspecting public in the name of "managed care",
"managed competition", or managed anything.  Do patients
really want an administrator to "manage" their medical
treatment? Capitation, carried to its logical conclusion,
will lead to the "Decapitation" of health care in this
country.  It is essential that the general public become
informed on this vital subject and act to pressure their
elected representatives for change before the heart of
American medicine shares the fate of the "decapitated" head
and leads us into a world of medical mediocrity and
business-driven health care.

|BIOSKETCH:                                                |
|Robert A.  Fink, M.D., F.A.C.S. (Fellow of the American   |
|College of Surgeons).  Dr. Fink is an Associate Clinical  |
|Professor, Department of Neurological Surgery; University |
|of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA and   |
|has a private practice in neurological surgery.  Please   |
|send all communication to Robert A. Fink, M.D., F.A.C.S., |
|2500 Milvia Street, Suite 222, Berkeley, CA 94704-2636,   |
|USA.  E-Mail address:  ( CompuServe:|
|72303,3442                                                |


                       SECTION D: RESOURCE UPDATE

|DISCLAIMER:  Our intent is to illuminate resources of use   |
|to the InterPsych community.  As timeliness, breadth and    |
|brevity are priorities, most entries have not been verified.|
|If you find any of the material contained herein to be      |
|inaccurate, please let us know. Submit all contributions    |
|to the Resource section to the IPN mailbox                  |
|(                                  |
|        Jeffry Luria, Ph.D., Editor, Resource Section       |
|                (                       |

                          * INDEX *
     1:   NEWSGROUPS
          A:  alt.society.mental-health

     2:   MAILISTS
          A:  Rural care conference
          B:  Mental health assessment and outcomes
          C:  Intimate violence
          D:  School-to-work transition
          E:  APA Division 12 list

          A:  Interpersonal computing and technology: an
              electronic journal for the 21st century
          B:  Tutorials on presentations
          C:  Task force on displaced professionals

                     1: NEWSGROUPS

This is the charter from the new usenet news group,

On October 31, 1994, the artist collaboration Margaret
Crane/Jon Winet opened alt.society.mental-health as an
interdisciplinary forum for a discussion of the state of
mental health and mental health care delivery systems in
our society, and the larger social and existential issues
raised by these topics.

                        2: MAIL LISTS

List Serve:

The Rural-Care conference is devoted to support for rural
and bush health care workers.  It focuses on issues of
service delivery and self-care for isolated health care
workers.  Discussions may include such things as
applications of new medical and mental health care
techniques, telemedicine, cultural challenges, and issues
of isolation.

Subscription information:
Body:    subscribe rural-care

List   Serve:

The Evaluation Center @ HSRI Starting Internet
Discussion Group on Mental Health Outcomes Evaluation

The Evaluation Center @ HSRI has set up an Internet
Listserv for the development of a broad collective
expertise with respect to problems of assessing and
analyzing outcomes of interventions aimed at improving
mental health. The existence of such a network will both
foster and facilitate communications among all mental
health system stakeholders to improve measurement and,
consequently, understanding of interventions and their
effects. CONTACT: Jonathan Steven Hurwitz (

Subscription Information:
Body:    subscribe OUTCOMETEN (or)
         subscribe OUTCOMETEN-DIGEST

List Serve: (or LISTSERV@URIACC on

The intimate violence list will serve as a networking
system devoted to all aspects of family violence.  While
various other lists may explore the topics of child abuse or
violence within the family, the intimate violence list is
unique in that it serves a wide range of areas that
constitute the definition of intimate violence.  Our list is
designed to encompass all areas of interest regarding
family violence rather than limiting discussion to one
interest.  While welcoming responses generated from
research as well as intervention perspectives, the intimate
violence list will consist of discussion and debate
concerning the following topics:  physical child abuse,
sexual child abuse, child neglect, spousal physical
violence, spousal sexual violence, psychological abuse
and dating violence as well as any other areas of intimate
violence that subscribers may wish to explore.

Subscription Information:
Address: (or
Body:    subscribe INTVIO-L Yourfirstname Yourlastname

List Serve:

STWNet is an electronic discussion forum on School-to-
Work (STW)Transition, skill standards projects, and the
national Youth FairChance (YFC) initiative.  STWNet
welcomes discussion on all STW-related issues, including
comprehensive education reform, national skill
standards,performance-based education and training
programs, workplaces as active learning environments,
local partnerships that link the worlds of school and work,
YFC initiatives, strategies that assistout-of-school youth,
tech-prep, supportive services, and other activities to
improve the knowledge and skills of youth by integrating
academic and vocational learning.

Subscription Information:
Body:     subscribe stwnet

As a subscription option, a weekly STWNet digest of
messages sent to the list is available:
Address:", (with no subject),
Body:     subscribe stwnet-digest

For more information and for assistance on how to join
STWNet, please contact the owners: Dr. Joyce Malyn-Smith
(, Dr. John Wong  (,  Project

2E:          APA DIVISION 12 LIST
List:        DIV12@ VM1.NODAK.EDU
List Serve:

On behalf of the Division of Clinical Psychology (Division
12) of APA, I am pleased to announce that we now have
an official division net open to all current members of
Division 12 and graduate student affiliates.  This new list
is not the same as the mailbase clinical-psychology list
(which is an open list).  If you are a member of APA
Division 12 or a graduate student affiliate, you are
welcome to join the list, and become an active contributor
to the net.

This list will provide an opportunity for the world-wide
membership of Division 12 (Clinical Psychology) of the
American Psychological Association to disseminate and
share ideas concerning the Division and Clinical
Psychology as a scientific endeavor and area of practice.

A committed group of clinical psychologists willing to
share their ideas and interests will enhance the scope of
this List. The topics of discussion will reside in the
members of the List.  All List members are encouraged to
be active participants.  Members will also receive a
weekly Digest which summarizes the topics of List
discussion for the week. CONTACT: Joe Plaud

Subscription Information (If you are a Division 12 member or
graduate student affiliate):
Body:     subscribe Div12 yourfirstname yourlastname

                     3 :OTHER RESOURCES


CONTACT: Zane L Berge, Publisher,

Contributions to IPCT-J can be submitted by electronic
mail in APA style to: Gerald Phillips, Editor IPCT-J

Subscription Information:
Address: listserv@GUVM.GEORGETOWN.EDU:
Body:     subscribe yourfirstname your lastname

Jeff Radel, at the University of Kansas, has developed
some useful reminders about preparing posters and slide
presentations and placed them in hypertext format on the
Web.I've also developed two (so far) tutorials aimed at
introducing students to the concepts necessary to create
effective visuals and to design poster presentations -
admittedly with the added aim of reducing the amount of
time faculty spend repeating the same information to
different students.  If you have a hypertext browser (i.e.,
Mosaic) and Ethernet access to the World Wide Web,
check out these sites.  I'd be interested in your feedback.

Effective Visuals:

Poster Presentations:

Note that the URLs given above should be all in one line.

CONTACT:  Jeff Radel (

The National University Continuing Education Association
(NUCEA) has established a Task Force focusing on
higher education's response to the education and training
needs of displaced professionals.  In many states,
especially here in Maryland, the tremendous change in
the nature of work, due to many factors (e.g.,
restructuring, infusion of technology, mergers,
international competition,etc.) has resulted in massive
and continual displacement of professionals.  The Task
Force has developed a conference to focus on this
important issue.  The conference is titled "Careers in
Transition:Higher Education's Role in Serving Displaced
Professionals" on January 26 and 27, 1995 in Washington
D.C.  Presenters include representatives from  Higher
Education, industry, and the U.S. Department Labor.
Please call NUCEA (202-659-3130) for a complete
brochure.  A portion of the conference will highlight
successful programs addressing the needs of displaced
professionals (e.g., needs assessment, training,
counseling programs, etc.).  If you would like information
about the call for papers,please contact Mary Kay Cote at
Penn State University (

Finally, the Task Force has established a listserv Dispro-L
to enable interested individuals to discuss higher
education's response to the needs of displaced
professionals.  We especially want to focus on
programming ideas, relevant readings, national and
international trends, research, and funding sources.

Subscription Information:
Address:  listserv@gitvm1.bitnet
Body:     Subscribe dispro-1 firstname lastname


                    SECTION F: CALENDAR

| For free listing of your conference or event, please send us|
| the following information: dates of event, title, sponsor,  |
| location, continuing education credits (if applicable), and |
| the name, e-mail address, physical address, and phone number|
| of a contact person.  All notices should be sent by the     |
| first Friday of the month to (    |


November 27-December 9, SOFSEM'94: XXI-st International Winter
School on theoretical and practical aspects of computer science.
Milovy, Czech Republic. Organized by Czech and Slovak Societies
for Computer Science and Czech ACM Chapter SOFSEM (SOFtware
SEMinar).  Contact: (


December 3-4, Forensic Evaluations and Forensic Applications of
the MMPI and MMPI-2.  The program is offered at 2 different sites
on 2 different dates: December 3-4, 1994 in Costa Mesa, CA and
February 4-5, 1995 in Orlando, FL.  Both programs also offer
presentations of specific applications.  Presenters include
Stuart A. Greenberg and Kevin L. Moreland.  1.3 continuing
education units or 13.5 APA approved continuing education credit
for psychologists.  The registration fee is $295.  Contact: Jean
Martin (; phone (612) 625-1534; fax
(612) 626-1632.

December 9 - 11, 1994, Memory and Reality: Reconciliation.
Scientific, Clinical and Legal Issues of False Memory Syndrome.
Stouffer Harborplace Hotel, Baltimore, Maryland.  Presented by
FMS Foundation and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions.  16 credit
hours in Category I of the Physician's Recognition Award of the
American Medical Association.  15.75  prescribed hours by the
American Academy of Family Physicians.  For further information,
contact: Office of Continuing Medical Education, Johns Hopkins
Medical Institutions, Turner 20, 720 Rutland Avenue, Baltimore,
Maryland 21205-2195, (410)955-2959  FAX (410)955-0807.


January 18-22, Authority, Leadership and Organizational Life, A
Residential Conference sponsored by The Center for the Study of
Groups and Social Systems, Boston Center of the A.K. Rice
Institute, Mont Marie Conference Center, Holyoke, Massachusetts,
USA. For brochure and application contact: Dannielle Kennedy,
Ph.D. Associate Director for Administration, 54 Clairemont Road,
Belmont, MA 02178, 617-489-4734

January 20-21,  First Annual Interdisciplinary Roundtable on
Urban Issues, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.  Sponsored by University of
Pittsburgh's Graduate and Professional Student Association.
Registration information is available upon request.  You may
contact the GPSA office (412) 648-7844.


April 3-7, The Tenth Biennial Conference on Artificial
Intelligence and Cognitive Science organized by the Society for
the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of
Behavior.  Halifax Hall of Residence & Computer Science
Department, University of Sheffield,  Sheffield, ENGLAND.
Contact: Conference programme chair, John Hallam, Department of
Artificial Intelligence, University of Edinburgh, 5 Forrest Hill,
Edinburgh EH1 2QL, SCOTLAND.  Phone: + 44 31, 650 3097, FAX: + 44
31 650 6899. E-mail: (

April 28-30, 1995, Symposium on Software Reusability (SSR'95),
Seattle, WA, USA, Sponsored by ACM SIGSOFT. The objective of this
symposium is to provide a forum for  academics and  practitioners
in the areas related to software reusability to exchange research
results, development activities, and application experience
reports. Unpublished and original state-of-the-art and
state-of-the-practice papers relevant to the symposium themes, as
well as panel and tutorial proposals,   are solicited. Contact:
Mansour Zand (


May 23-25, International Conference on Research and Practice in
Attention Deficit Disorders, Jerusalem, Israel. Division of
Special Education of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and
B'Yahad, the Israeli national parent's education and support
organization for families of children with Attention Deficit
Disorders.  Scholarly papers are currently being solicited.  Tom
Gumpel, Ph.D., Chair, Scientific Committee, The Hebrew University
of Jerusalem, (


June 21-24, Twelfth Annual International Conference in
Literature-and-Psychology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg im
Breisgau (Germany). Please send your title and a 150-word
abstract to Professor Andrew Gordon at IPSA
(  For more information, contact
Norman N. Holland (


July 5-8, Tenth International Conference on Mathematical and
Computer Modelling and Scientific Computing.  Boston
Massachusetts, U.S.A.   Authors are invited to contribute their
work for presentation at the conference in the form of one-page
abstracts typed single-space before 15 January 1995.  Decisions
on selection will be promptly communicated to the authors by FAX
not later than 31 February 1995.  Abstracts may be submitted by
FAX by dialing to U.S.A.: (314)-364-3351.

July 10-13, "20th International Conference on Improving
University Teaching".  Hong Kong. For instructions on
submitting a paper or proposal and further information about
the conference, e-mail  (

July 12-21, The Ninth Summer Workshop for the Development of
Intercultural Coursework at Colleges and Universities.
East-West Center.  Honolulu, Hawaii, USA. A workshop for
college and university faculty who wish to develop courses in
intercultural and international topics.  Coordinator: Richard
W. Brislin, Program on Education and Training, East-West
Center, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Fax (808)
944-7070. brislinr@ewc

July 17-19, Understanding the Social World: Towards an
Integrative Approach.  Huddersfield, UK.  University of
Huddersfield.  Contact: David Nightingale,
( or (

July 31-August 4, The Fourth Annual Workshop for the
Development of Expertise in Cultural Diversity. East-West
Center. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.  A program for cross-cultural
trainers who will work with newly developed training modules
in the areas of international business, health care,
counseling, mediation, leadership, and workplace diversity.
Coordinator:  Richard W. Brislin. Program on Education and
Training, East-West Center, 1777 East-West Rd., Honolulu, HI.
96848. fax (808) 944-7070. brislinr@ewc


Nov 1-5, Internal Evaluation Conference: Developing a world
perspective.  The first evaluation conference. Vancouver,
Canada. Jointly sponsored by American Evaluation Assoc and
the Canadian Evaluation Soc.  Contact: John McLaughlin,
President, American Evaluation Assoc., Research and
Evaluation Branch, PO Box 6Q, Richmond Virginia 23216, (804)
371-8593 (fax)


                 SECTION F:  ANNOUNCEMENTS

                          * INDEX *

     5:   US HUD FORUM
          Yves Chesni


I am currently conducting a study of male sexual abuse
survivors.  The research proposes to discover how adult male
survivors understand their experience.  There will be several
rounds of questions given to each subject after initial
demographic questions are answered.  The actual topics and
questions to be discussed cannot be revealed at this time.

If you are interested in participating or finding out more
information about the study, please contact me (Mark R.
Halcomb) at (


The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is accepting
women with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder who
are in treatment with a mental health professional and who
are between the ages of 18 and 45 for a two week, inpatient,
clinical research study of this disorder.  For admission
criteria, a description of the medication- free evaluation
study at St. Elizabeth's in Washington, D.C., and application
materials, call Kathleen O'Leary, M.S.W. at 202/373-6068 or
send e-mail inquiries to Eric Watsky, M.D. at (not to


We are planning to start an European multicentre
epidemiological study on the impact of the current political,
economic, and social changes in the countries of Central and
Eastern Europe upon general psychological health, minor
psychiatric morbidity and the prevalence of culture-change
syndromes, and on cross-cultural aspects of eating disorders.
At present, centres from Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland,
Slovenia, Croatia, Georgia and Austria are cooperating. Any
other participants from Eastern, Central and Western Europe
are welcome to join.  For further information please contact
the study co-ordinator: Dr. Guenther Rathner,
Leopold-Franzens-University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck,
Austria. Fax +43-512-504 3444. E-mail:


My colleagues and I are interested in using short
video-tapes, played in waiting rooms in a community health
centre, as a means of identifying people with mental health
problems. We intend to focus on depression, addictions and
anxiety in a pilot study. We hypothesize that videos,
featuring actors in a mini-soap setting, will help people
recognize mental health problems, and will serve as a
non-threatening conduit for self-referral to a
community-based support team.

We would appreciate any information from list members
regarding either the use of video-tapes featuring mental
health issues, in a family health centre/community health
centre; or any similar approaches to identifying and
'enrolling' people in a primary-care based support service.

Phil Barker RN PhD, Professor of Psychiatric Nursing
Practice,  Department of Psychiatry, University of Newcastle
Upon Tyne, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1
4LP, UK, (+44)091 232 5131 EXT 24473

5:        US HUD FORUM

On December 1-2, 1994, the US Dept of Housing and Urban
Development (HUD) is convening the first National Consumer
Forum on Section 202 and Section 811 housing programs for
persons who are elderly or disabled.  HUD is interested in
receiving input from residents and eligible (both current and
previous) participants of the above federal housing programs.
HUD is seeking recommendations for changes in the programs so
that housing needs are better addressed.  Some areas for
dialogue may include:

** Segregation (elderly and disabled residents)
** "Linking" services with housing
** Set-asides

If there are issues which you would like to see addressed at
the forum or have comments on the above topics, please
contact: Laura V Tosh, 703 739 9333 x31, or at NASMHPD, 66
Canal Center Plaza 302, Alexandria VA 22314, or c/o by Monday, November 28, 1994


The ASCAP Society is sponsoring a competition for residents
and fellows in psychiatry and related fields, and for
graduate students in psychology, biology, anthropology and
related academic disciplines, and for recent graduates of
such programs (within seven years of terminal degree).

Our award, The Aaron T Beck ASCAP Award, will be given for
the best previously unpublished paper related to the subjects
of evolutionary biology and psychopathology.

The ASCAP Society is an international group of clinicians and
academics who are linked by a common interest in evolutionary
biology and how this perspective might inform our work and
research (ASCAP refers to Across-Species Comparisons and

One of our members, Dr Beck, whom we are honoring with this
award, suggested that we focus on how an evolutionary
approach can be used to integrate various levels of
understanding and thereby generate new or broadened
perspectives in psychopathology. There are many possible
topics including, to name a few, comparative psychology and
psychiatric illness, comparative brain anatomy and behavior,
relations of attachment processes and social rank hierarchy,
psychiatric drugs as probes of system function, psychotherapy
from an evolutionary perspective, and contemporary
evolutionary theory and psychoanalysis.

The Aaron T Beck ASCAP Award will be presented at our annual
meeting in Santa Barbara, California, on June 27, 1995. The
award carries with it a cash prize of $1000 (to support trip
expenses). Our meeting will be held the day before the annual
meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society at the
University of California at Santa Barbara.

We take this opportunity to submit an essay yourself if
qualified and to notify residents, graduate students,
fellows, and recent graduates of your department about this
competition. Please post a printout of this as a notice.

All participants should send three copies of their paper to:

Mark Erickson, M.D. -- ASCAP Beck Award c/o Russell Gardner,
Jr., M.D., Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences,
4.450 Graves Building (D28), University of Texas Medical
Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-0428.

The postmark deadline for entries will be March 31, 1995. Do
not hesitate to call (409-772-7029) or make e-mail requests
( for further information about the ASCAP
Beck Award or the ASCAP Society.

          by Dr. Yves Chesni

Chesni, former director of the Service Medico-Pedagogique
(Geneva, Switzerland), Vice President, International Stress
Management Association, and member, New York Academy of
Sciences, has been translated from the French and is now
available in English.

Preface to the American Edition
In the five conferences here reproduced, the author has
treated some selected points in the development of
consciousness, with special emphasis on the perspectives of
critical philosophy, psychology, psychotherapy, and

The first conference situates the study of consciousness.
Contrary to Descartes and Husserl, the realist philosopher
does not cast doubt on the existence of the world, other
people, his own body, and a large part of his own
consciousness. Contrary to Kant, he does not believe that he
is separated from things by his own sensorial and
intellectual structures. Like Aristotle, he sees in knowledge
the common act of a subject capable of knowing and an object
capable of being known, but for all that he does not despair
of his ability to determine the respective parts played by
each of the two factors.

Contrary to physiological reductionism, he does not pretend
to understand a system that is endowed with consciousness and
yet abstracts from consciousness. Contrary to the absurdity
of solipsism, he infers a consciousness more or less
analogous to his own among his peers and a number of other
animal species. In consciousness he perceives simultaneously
a sign, a consequence, and a factor of differentiation and
correlation, a higher form of unity requiring, respecting,
and promoting the originality of the parts.

The second and fourth conferences deal with the fetters of
neurosis in human development and their suppression, through
psychoanalysis--which is a part of "cognitive
therapy"--behavioral psychotherapy, or through the one and
the other conjointly. These neurotic automatisms, repetitive,
unconscious, involuntary and coercive--the contrary of free
behavior--result from the unfortunate conjunction of an
inadequate environment during infancy and from certain
hereditary virtualities, particularly the tendency to react
totally to signs isolated from context, as new-born children
and instinctual animals do, who still have only minimal
intelligence and are adapted by means of innate behaviors
served up whole and entire by the evolution of species.
While shedding light on their prevention or treatment, the
understanding of neurotic mechanisms contributes at the same
time to that of normal development: i.e., the growth within
us of the power to grasp the whole, to situate the parts in
their relationships with each other and in respect to the
whole, to be neither blinded nor bound by any of them; the
power within us, to put it succinctly, of expanding that
inner freedom that penetrates, humanizes, and enlarges our
humblest joys.

The third conference speaks of spirituality. In every age
throughout the entire world, spiritual men and women have
desired to wipe out the obstacles, and not only the neurotic
ones, to inner freedom: "If you stop at something," St. John
of the Cross counsels us, "you fail to push forward towards
the All." It is the purgative way that attempts to rid us of
all pettiness in order that we might be attuned to the
essential, to the All, that we may even, as Christian mystics
believe, be rendered "divine by participation." But opinions
differ regarding the nature of the All, the place of man
within and in respect to the All, and the possibility of
knowing the All--which is not the same as knowing all.

Thought has a neuro-motor aspect. It disappears, completely
or selectively, as the eye and speech muscles relax. This
"relaxation of the mind," this putting to rest of the spirit,
is, according to Jacobson, the essential element of
progressive relaxation. It is not foreign to the technics of
spiritual disencumberment, purification, and perfecting at
issue in the following chapters. Such is the object of the
fifth conference.

The book is available from The Live Oak Press, PO Box 60036,
Palo Alto, CA 94306, at $37.50. Inquiries to


The Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences (CECS) at
Dartmouth Medical School offers master's and doctoral degrees
in a program oriented toward mid-career professionals. The
Center is directed by Jack Wennberg, whose seminal work in
small area variations, claims analysis, and exploration of
patient preferences is internationally recognized. The M.S.
program's interdisciplinary curriculum is very flexible, and
features opportunities for mentored research and practicum
work in topical areas.

Students take six courses in health policy, medical decision
making & health behavior, and medical care epidemiology.
After completing these core courses, they either (1) carry
out research in areas of their choice, under the guidance of
CECS faculty, or (2) enroll in practicums taught by Jack
Wennberg and his associates. Remaining requirements are
satisfied through electives and directed readings. The
readings/research can be done at the student's home base and
may involve institutional collaboration between Dartmouth and
an employer. One such collaboration this year involved beta
testing of medical mapping technology.

The master's program structure can accommodate students'
professional commitments, to some degree.  As little as one
Dartmouth term at a time--ten weeks--need be spent in Hanover
(i.e., on campus). Only two terms in residence are required.

The admissions process involves an application, references,
and official transcripts or equivalent. Students may apply
any time for the program, but all students begin in
mid-September. Applicants are admitted until the class is
filled. Late applicants may be placed on a waiting list, if
they wish.

Detailed information about the program can be obtained by
contacting Patricia Read-Hunter, the Coordinator of
Educational Programs, by e-mail or telephone.
Tel. no. (603) 650 1782; e-mail,



The Journal of Mental Health Administration (JMHA) is seeking
manuscripts on the organization, financing, and delivery of
behavioral health services (including mental health, alcohol,
and drug abuse services).  Specific topics of interest
include (but are not limited to) the following:

Law and Mental Health Policy
Comorbidity of Mental Disorders with Substance Disorders
Mental Health and Substance Abuse Outcomes Research
Children's Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services

JMHA also publishes articles on mental health planning,
policy analysis, marketing, financing, organizational
structure, program evaluation, and the entire spectrum of
mental health management and service delivery issues.

A detailed "Information for Authors" may be acquired by
contacting Carolyn Martinez, Editorial Associate, Internet:; 813/974-6407; or fax: 813/974-4406

Manuscripts should be approximately 15-25 pages in length and
contain an abstract preceding the text.  Send manuscripts to
Bruce Lubotsky Levin, Dr.P.H., Editor, Journal of Mental
Health Administration, Florida Mental Health Institute,
University of South Florida, 13301 Bruce B. Downs Blvd.,
Tampa, Florida 33612, or call 813/974-6400; fax:
813/974-4406; Internet:


In 1996 SAGE Publications will be launching Clinical Child
Psychology and Psychiatry - a major, new journal to bring
together clinically oriented work of the highest distinction
from an international and multi-disciplinary perspective. The
journal will be edited by Bryan Lask from Great Ormond Street
Hospital, London.

Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry will provide a high
quality forum for papers which focus on clinical and
therapeutic aspects of child and adolescent psychology and

Contributions should be sent to: Dr Bryan Lask, Department of
Psychologal Medicine, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Great
Ormond Street, London WC1N 3JH, UK.  Contact: Jane Makoff


The next meeting of the Advanced Feminist Therapy Institute
is being planned for November, 1995 in Albuquerque, New
Mexico (more details as they become available).  This is a
limited attendance, members only conference.  Women who are
interested in attending should apply for membership now.
Write to Polly Taylor, Administrator, 904 Irving Street,
#258, San Francisco, CA 94122 to request a membership


                     SECTION G: EMPLOYMENT (1/2)

| This section is intended for listing current job openings |
| in positions  relevant  to  InterPsych members.           |
| Submissions should be in the following format: 1) Position|
| title 2) Institution name 3) Institution location 4) Full |
| description. Send job postings to the IPN Mailbox:        |
| (                               |

                          * INDEX *

17:          INFANT LAB JOB
19:          2 POSTS, CLINICAL, COG & SOCIAL

Institution:   University of Nevada, Reno
Location:      Reno, NV, USA

Assistant Professor, Clinical Psychology.  As a result of
program enhancement, the Department of Psychology at the
University of Nevada, Reno has two openings at the assistant
professor level in our APA-approved program in clinical
psychology.  Hiring at a higher level may be considered under
extraordinary circumstances.  Applicants should have
completed a Psychology Ph.D. and approved internship by the
summer of 1995.  The successful candidate will show strong
commitments to teaching, clinical supervision, and
programmatic research of both theoretical and clinical
interest.  We are particularly interested in candidates
dedicated to a scientist-practitioner model, and who can work
cooperatively and effectively as a member of a growing
program.  The dominant orientation of the clinical program is
behavior analytic/contextualistic.  Competitive salary,
teaching loads, and start-up funds.  Female and minority
candidates are especially encouraged to apply.  Reno is a
medium-sized community with excellent access to outdoor
recreation and entertainment.  Applications including a cover
letter, vita, four letters of recommendation, and
representative reprints and pre-prints should be sent to:
Victoria M. Follette, Ph.D., Chair, Clinical Search
Committee, Department of Psychology/296, University of
Nevada, Reno, NV 89557.  Review of applicants will begin in
early December and continue until the positions are filled.
The University of Nevada, Reno is an AA/EOE.

Institution:   SPSS, Inc.
Location:      Chicago, IL, USA

SPSS Inc., (Chicago) a premier employer and leading developer
of statistical software products and service solutions, is
seeking an individual to provide full-time technical
assistance to SPSS customers over the telephone.
Responsibilities include:

*    Answering SPSS technical support phone calls
*    contacting all customers referred for problem resolution

*    completing/resolving assigned user problems
*    becoming knowledgeable about computer platforms
*    understanding the use and application of SPSS software
*    reporting all customer recommendations for product
*    reporting all potential software bugs
*    interacting with customers and co-workers alike in a
     communicative, businesslike, understandable and positive
*    training co-workers in your area of expertise

Qualified candidates will be bright, hard-working, dependable
and possess:

*    bachelor's degree
*    statistics background
*    familiarity with SPSS software
*    clear, articulate, pleasant speaking voice

Competitive compensation and excellent benefits provided.
Interested candidates should send resume and salary history
to (

Institution:   Haverford College
Location:      Haverford, PA, USA

Haverford College is currently seeking candidates for
tenure-line faculty positions, beginning September 1995, in
the following departments:

ANTHROPOLOGY:  The department seeks a tenure-line faculty
member at the assistant professor level in social and
cultural anthropology. Applicants must have Ph.D. in hand or
very nearly, and be competent in the anthropology of Japan
and of East Asia generally. Apply by December 1, 1994 to Dr.
Paul Jefferson.

COMPUTER SCIENCE: The department seeks a tenure-line faculty
member at the assistant professor level. Applicants must have
a Ph.D. and be able to teach all courses in the core
curriculum as well as conduct research in a liberal-arts
setting. Preference will be given to candidates whose work
has An applied component that can be related to other
sciences and/or mathematics. For further information and a
detailed description send message to,
or contact the department secretary at (610) 896-1212. Apply
by December 15, 1994.

Interested candidates for these positions should submit a
curriculum vitae and a letter describing research and
teaching interests, graduate transcripts and three letters of
recommendation to the person listed above, Haverford College,
Haverford, PA 19041. A sample of scholarly work would be

Haverford College is an Equal Employment, Affirmative Action
Employer. Women and persons of color are particularly
encouraged to apply for these positions.

From: The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 5, 1994

Institution:   New York University
Location:      New York, USA

The Department of Applied Psychology invites applications for
the tenure track position of assistant/associate professor.
Qualifications: Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology; expertise in
testing and assessment methods and other core counseling
areas; commitment to counseling in an urban area and to
counseling that is responsive to social, institutional, and
cultural contexts; experience and excellence in teaching,
research, and program development; eligibility for NY State
License as a psychologist. Responsibilities: Teach, advise
and supervise students in counseling M.A. programs and in
APA-accredited Ph.D. counseling psychology program; play
major role in the Departmental Ph.D. and M.A. programs;
conduct and maintain an active program of scholarly research.
Tenure track position commencing September 1, 1995. Review of
applications will begin November 1, 1994 and continue until
position is filled. Please submit letter of application and
curriculum vitae to: Professor Mary Sue Richardson, Chair,
Search Committee, Department of Applied Psychology, School of
Education, New York University, 239 Greene Street, 4th Floor,
East Building, New York, NY 10003.  NYU encourages
applications from women and members of minority groups.

From: The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 5, 1994

Institution:   U.S. Air Force Academy
Location:      Colorado, USA

The United State Air Force Academy, located just north of
Colorado Springs, Colorado, is an undergraduate institution
which awards the Bachelor of Science degree as part of its
mission to develop air and space leaders with vision for
tomorrow. Faculty applications are invited from candidates
who can contribute to this mission by interacting with cadets
both in and out of the classroom. The student body consists
of approximately 4000 men and women representing every state
and several foreign countries. In addition to a core
curriculum of academic and professional courses, majors are
offered in 26 academic disciplines. The Academy faculty is an
integrated group of military and civilian educators. It is
anticipated that the following positions will be established
effective 1 July 1995. Initial appointment will be for three
years. Successive re-appointments of three to five years will
be based on performance.

Assistant Professor of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership,
#95-18BL: Applications are invited from candidates with
substantial experience and strong interests in undergraduate
human factors/cognitive psychology course development. A
doctoral degree in human factors engineering/cognitive
psychology or related field and interest in teaching,
research, service, and professional activities are required.
Human factors design experience is desirable but not

Assistant Professor of Biology, #95-07B: Responsibilities:
Teach introductory biology and upper division/majors courses
in one or more of the following areas: developmental biology,
genetics, cell and molecular biology. Participate in academic
advising; engage in curriculum development; serve on Academy
committees; engage in research and publication; and assume
other instructions_and service-related duties as directed.
Qualifications: Candidate must have a doctorate in a
biological science, demonstrated excellence in teaching
introductory biology to non-majors, and a strong record of
teaching excellence and scholarship. Experience in teaching a
laboratory course in developmental biology with a molecular
emphasis is of special relevance. When applying, include
pertinent course syllabi and transcripts (copies acceptable
for initial application).

Assistant Professor of Chemistry, #95-06C: Applications are
invited from candidates specializing in biochemistry.
Applicants should have a strong interest in teaching (primary
duties in freshman chemistry with secondary duties in
biochemistry) and supervising undergraduate research in
biochemistry. A Ph.D. (preferably recent) in chemistry is
required. When applying, include a statement of educational

Assistant Professor of Mathematics, #95-04MS: This is an
entry level position. The successful candidate will have a
strong commitment to undergraduate teaching and an interest
in the use of computers to enhance mathematics education.
Preference will be given to those who have demonstrated
excellence and innovation in teaching mathematics to students
pursuing non-technical as well as technical majors. Some
consideration will be given to interest and involvement in
research projects that can involve undergraduates. A Ph.D.
(preferable recent) in Mathematics or Applied Mathematics is
required. When applying, include transcripts (copies
acceptable for initial application).

Assistant Professor of Philosophy, #95-11PFA: This is an
entry level position. Ph.D. in philosophy required.
Specialization in ethics with an historical perspective is
required.  Competency in professional and military ethics,
logic, medical ethics, philosophy of law, philosophy of
science, or comparative religion is desirable. A demonstrated
interest in interdisciplinary studies in the humanities is
important. Position includes a wide range of administrative,
fiscal, academic advising, and committee responsibilities in
a unique environment. Core ethics course is taught from a
common syllabus. In the ethics classroom the instructor is
required to help students understand and accept the values,
ideals, and culture of the military profession; some previous
understanding of the military profession is highly desirable.
Summer activities are determined by the chair; could include
research, teaching, course development, or assisting various
military training activities not related to philosophy.
Evidence of excellent classroom teaching abilities will be
weighed most heavily. When applying, include academic
transcripts (copies acceptable for initial application) and
evidence of teaching excellence.

From: The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 5, 1994

Institution:   Western Michigan University
Location:      Michigan, USA

Counseling Psychology: Assistant/Associate Professor.
Tenure-track, earned doctorate in counseling or closely
related area. Preference given to candidates that are
graduates of APA accredited Counseling Psychology programs
and/or currently teaching in such a program. Eligibility for
Michigan licensure is expected. Professional interest and/or
experience in at least one of the following areas is
desirable: college counseling, career counseling,
psychological assessment and psychotherapy. Consideration
will be given to applicants having demonstrated potential in
research, teaching and scholarly activity. Candidates should
have sufficient interest and/or professional experience to
have a sound basis for teaching graduate courses in three or
four areas of counseling psychology: assessment,
intervention, career counseling, vocational development
theory/research, or research design/statistics. The position
requires graduate teaching, supervising practice and
internships, advising master's and doctoral level students,
and serving on doctoral dissertation committees. Providing
service, consultation and liaison between WMU and the
community is an essential component of the position. Must be
eligible for doctoral advisor status which is based primarily
on a record of professional activities in program
development, ongoing research activity, publications, grant
work, and contributions to professional associations. Salary
will be competitive.  Position begins August 1995, and is
contingent upon available resources. The academic year is
eight months; however, faculty who teach spring or summer
sessions receive an additional 11% of their salary for each
three credit hours taught. A full range of benefits,
including full TIAA/CREF contribution, is provided. To apply,
submit letter of application specifying the position applied
for, current vita, statement of current research agenda,
transcripts, placement file (if available), reprints of
publications, and three current letters of recommendation
which directly address the applicant's competencies and
potentials in areas specified. Letters of recommendation are
to be mailed directly by the authors to the chair of the
search committee. Placement files should originate directly
from the relevant placement office. Review of applications
will begin immediately and will continue through January 15,
1995. Applications received after January 15 may be
considered if appropriate candidates have not been selected.
Western Michigan University has a Carnegie Doctoral I
classification and is one of the state's five
graduate-intensive universities. It enrolls approximately
26,000 students, in six academic colleges, consisting of 45
departments and 750 faculty members. The university is
located midway between Chicago and Detroit in a pleasant
metropolitan area of 250,000 with many cultural and
recreational opportunities. Apply to: Chair, Counseling
Psychology Search Committee, Department of Counselor
Education and Counseling Psychology, College of Education,
Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008-5192.
Western Michigan University is an Equal Opportunity,
Affirmative Action Employer and encourages applications from
women and minority groups.

From: The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 5, 1994

Institution:   Marist College
Location:      New York, USA

The Marist College Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences
invites applications for the following tenure track positions
to begin Spring of 1995.

Assistant Professor of School Psychology:  The Assistant
Professor serves as the Director of the MA and Advanced
Certificate Programs in school psychology and teaches
graduate and undergraduate courses associated with both its
school psychology and teacher education programs. The
requirements for this position are as follows: A doctorate in
psychology, preferably school psychology; NY State school
psychology certification or school psychology certification
reciprocal with NY State certification; extensive experience
functioning as a school psychologist in the public school
system; experience supervising school psychology interns;
college level teaching experience; an orientation that
focuses on diversity, the needs of urban inner-city schools,
and differences in learning styles; preparation to teach
courses which over time could include assessment,
developmental psychology, educational psychology, the
exceptional child and courses focused on the varying roles of
the school psychologist; demonstrated ability to work in
collaboration with faculty and administrative colleagues.

The following experience is preferred: experience
administering school psychology programs with knowledge of
certification requirements and program accreditation
requirements. Please note, an ABD is an inappropriate degree
for this position.

Assistant professor of social work:  The Assistant Professor
in Social Work serves as the Field Work Director for its
Bachelor's in social work program. The program is fully
accredited by the National Council on Social Work Education.
The Field Work Director coordinates and supervises all BSW
field placement with local human service agencies.
Additionally, the Field Director teaches one course
per semester.

A doctorate in Social Work or a related field is required.
Additional requirements: MSW and CSW with 2 years' post
master's social work practice experience, experience
supervising field work students, and college level teaching

Women and minorities are urged to apply. Review of
credentials will begin immediately, and will continue to be
accepted until the above positions are filled. Please submit
letter of application (identify which position you are
applying for), resume, and three letters of recommendation
to: Dr. William R. Eidle, Chair, Division of Social and
Behavioral Sciences, Marist College, APSP/APSW-CHE, MPO, Box
905, Poughkeepsie, NY 12601.  Marist College is an Equal
Opportunity, Affirmative Action Employer.

From: The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 5, 1994

Institution:   Allegheny College
Location:      Meadville, Pennsylvania, USA

The Psychology Dept. of Allegheny College invites
applications for a tenure-track position at the assistant
professor level beginning Fall 1995.  Minimum qualifications
are a Ph.D., completion of an APA-accredited internship or
equivalent, and demonstrated ability to teach at the
undergraduate level.  The successful candidate is expected to
teach clinical courses at all levels, supervise student
research, and direct undergraduate internships, as well as be
able to teach from among several foundation courses such as
introductory psychology, research design and statistics,
lifespan development, or writing in the liberal arts.
Preference will be given to candidates with a
neuropsychological or cognitive-behavioral emphasis, as well
as those who demonstrate appreciation for social-cultural
factors.  The candidate should be committed to the liberal
arts enterprise.  Allegheny is a highly competitive
undergraduate college (90 mi north of Pittsburgh), with an
emphasis on excellence in teaching.  Send curriculum vitae,
statement about teaching and research qualifications and
interests, and three letters of reference by Jan 31 to:  Dr.
David Anderson, Chair, Clinical Search Committee, Dept of
Psychology, Allegheny College, Meadville, PA 16335.
Allegheny College is an Equal Opportunity Employer.  Women
and minorities are encouraged to apply.  (e-mail:

Institution:   Allegheny College
Location:      Meadville, Pennsylvania, USA

The Psychology Dept of Allegheny College invites applications
for a tenure-track assistant professorship beginning Fall
1995.  Minimum qualifications are a PhD, demonstrated ability
to teach, and willingness to supervise undergraduate
research.  Developmental candidates should have expertise in
lifespan development and aging.  Preference for developmental
clinical candidates will be given to those who can address
clinical issues from multiple perspectives.  Candidates
should demonstrate appreciation for social-cultural factors,
and be qualified to teach one or more of the following:
tests/measurement, introductory psychology, research
design/statistics, abnormal psychology, writing in the
liberal arts.  The candidate should be committed to the
liberal arts enterprise.

Allegheny is a highly competitive undergraduate college (90
mi north of Pittsburgh), with an emphasis on excellence in
teaching.  Send curriculum vitae, statement about teaching
and research qualifications and interests, and three letters
of reference by Jan 31 to: Dr. Mary Hudak, Chair, Department
of Psychology, Allegheny College, Meadville, PA 16335.
Allegheny is an Equal Opportunity Employer.  Women and
minorities are especially encouraged to apply.  (e-mail:

Institution:   University of Texas at Austin
Location:      Austin, Texas, USA

accepting applications  for a tenure-track position at the
Assistant Professor level in Clinical Psychology to begin in
the Fall of 1995. Our clinical training program is
APA-approved with 11 full-time clinical  faculty and a strong
commitment to a scientist-practitioner training model. The
Applicants must have a Ph.D. in clinical psychology  or
equivalent. Area of specialization is open, but a strong
research background is essential. Curriculum vitae and three
letters of recommendation should be sent to Michael J. Telch,
Chair Clinical Search Committee, Dept. of Psychology, Mezes
330, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712. Review of
applications will begin in the Fall of 1994, but applications
will be accepted until the position is filled.
Women and minorities are especially encouraged to apply. The
University of Texas is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative
Action Employer


                     SECTION G: EMPLOYMENT (2/2)

Institution:   University of the Pacific
Location:      Stockton, California, USA

Tenure-track Assistant Professor of Psychology, beginning
1995-96 academic year: Approximately $30,000 for 9 month
appointment, full health and dental benefits. Qualifications:
Ph.D. clinical psychology, behavioral & cognitive/behavioral
emphases, completion of clinical internship, desire to teach
in liberal arts college & in 2-track, behavioral medicine/
applied behavior analysis & behavior therapy masters program,
research interests supporting the Department programs, desire
to supervise undergraduate & masters students research, &desire to supervise masters students in department clinic.
(Opportunity to accumulate supervised hours toward California
psychology license.)  Responsibilities:  (1) Teach 2
courses/semester -- intro. undergrad course in behavior
analysis, advanced undergrad/grad courses in cognitive/
behavioral approaches to child behavior disorders &cognitive/behavioral approaches to marital & family therapy,
first-year graduate course on cognitive/behavioral change and
assessment, and freshman general education seminars.  (2)
Supervise undergrad, masters students, & thesis research.
(3) Supervise masters students in Behavioral Medicine Clinic.
(4) Participate in Department governance. Department of 7
full-time faculty provides coursework in the theoretical
&research foundations of psychology with emphasis in
behavioral approaches, with intensive student involvement in
research and applied experience.  Approximately 125 undergrad
majors and 20 masters students.

Application process:
Send (1)curriculum vita, (2) statement describing interest in
the position & teaching &research interests, (3) graduate
transcripts, (4) 3 letters of reference, (5) reprints/ pre-
prints to Dr. Martin Gipson, Acting Chair, Department of
Psychology,University of the Pacific,  3601 Pacific Ave.,
Stockton, California 95211.  For information, phone (209)
946-2133.  E-mail:  ( Review of applications
begins December 1, 1994.  Applications accepted until
position filled.  Appointment contingent upon final approval

Institution:   Binghamton University, SUNY
Location:      Binghamton, New York, USA

Binghamton University (State University of New York),
Department of Psychology, is seeking to hire an Associate or
Full Professor, beginning August, 1995; well-qualified
Assistant Professor candidates will also receive
consideration.  Our APA-accredited Clinical Program has a
strong research emphasis and a commitment to
empirically-based, clinical instruction with a cognitive-
behavioral orientation. Although area of specialization is
open, applicants should have a superior record of research,
and be committed to the training of clinical graduate
students in practicum work.  Applicants from
under-represented minority groups would be especially
welcomed, as the program is strongly committed to affirmative
action and to cultural and ethnic diversity in our students
and curriculum.  Binghamton University's department of
psychology comprises three interactive specialty areas:
Clinical, Cognitive & Behavioral Sciences, and Psychobiology.
In addition, the undergraduate program is nationally renown
(e.g., U.S. News and Money "Top Ten"), and our location in
upstate New York provides a combination of beautiful outdoors
and a safe environment.  Send vitae, reprints, and three
letters of recommendation to Stephen Lisman, Ph.D., Chair,
Clinical Search Committee, Department of Psychology,
Binghamton University, P.O. Box 6000, Binghamton, NY,

Recruitment will be conducted without regard to race, color,
sex, religion, age, disability, marital status, sexual
orientation, or national origin.  Review of applications will
begin December 1, and continue until the position is filled.

Feel free to contact me by phone (607-777-4929) or e-mail to
discuss the position further.

Institution:   Cal Poly State U
Location:      San Luis Obispo, CA, USA

Cal Poly San Luis Obispo is advertising a job for an
assistant or Associate professor position, tenure-tracK, in
Ethnic Studies (recruitment #53012). Beginning September
1995. Concentration in Asian American Studies.  Ph.D. in
Ethnic Studies or comparable interdisciplinary program.
Teaching experience and some publishing record expected.

Contact:  Dr. Zafar Iqbal, Chair, Ethnic Studies Search
Committee, Ethnic Studies Dept, Cal Poly State U, San Luis
Obispo, CA  93407, (805) 756-1707.  Closing date: 12/15/94.

14:            CLINICAL PSYCH (ASSOC./FULL PROF) and
Institution:   Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Location:      Pittsburgh, PA, USA

permanent, tenure- track positions in CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
(ASSISTANT PROFESSOR); initial appointment is for September,
1995. The current department of 24 offers an APA-accredited
PsyD in clinical psychology which follows a practitioner
model of training with a strong commitment to science-based
education. Approximately 10-15 graduate students are accepted
annually. The department also houses the Center for Applied
Psychology, a clinical services facility, which provides
opportunities for clinical training and research. On the
undergraduate level, the department offers an arts and
sciences degree with elective options of practicum
experience, an honors program, and applied (chiefly I/O)
psychology. There are approximately 400 undergraduate majors.

1. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY (Associate/Full Professor, depending
on qualifications): Applicants should have a doctorate from
an APA-accredited program; eligibility for Pennsylvania
licensure is desirable. Preference will be given to
applicants who can contribute to graduate teaching and
supervision in the area of psychological assessment and/or
clinical neuropsychology.  Outstanding applicants with
expertise in other areas of clinical psychology including
behavioral medicine and child/family therapy will be

2. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY (Assistant Professor): Applicants
should have a doctorate in developmental psychology;
preference will be given to applicants with a specialization
in child psychology. Teaching responsibilities will include
undergraduate courses in child and adolescent psychology;
other course assignments will depend on the applicant's
expertise and interests.  FOR BOTH POSITIONS, a commitment to
excellence in both undergraduate and graduate education and
research is essential. Individual initiatives in any form of
scholarly activity, including grant writing, are encouraged.

IUP is the largest university in Pennsylvania's State System
of Higher Education and is located approximately 50 miles
northeast of Pittsburgh.  Applications should be received by
Feb. 15, 1995 for full consideration; review of applications
will continue until the positions are filled. Letters of
application, vitae, transcripts, three letters of reference
(one of which must be from your current employer/supervisor),
and supporting materials should be sent to: Dr. Mary Lou
Zanich, Chair - Clinical Search Committee or Developmental
Search Committee, 316-P Clark Hall, Department of Psychology,
IUP, Indiana, PA  15705-1068.  Women and minorities are
especially encouraged to apply. IUP is an Affirmative
Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.

Institution:   Georgia Southern University
Location:      Statesboro, GA, USA

Two tenure-track positions.  Rank and salary dependent upon
qualifications and experience. Opportunity to participate in
the development of a growing master's program in clinical
psychology.  Main responsibility will be in the teaching and
training of graduate students in the master's program.
Duties will include some or all of the following:  teaching
in the clinical track of the master's program, teaching some
undergraduate courses, and supervision of student theses or

Doctorate required by the starting date of the position,
September 1, 1995.  Ph.D. or Psy.D. in clinical psychology
preferred; Ph.D. in counseling or related field may be
considered.  Candidates should have expertise and at least
one year of teaching experience in one, preferably two, of
the following areas:  assessment, behavior therapy,
child/family therapy.  Eligibility for Georgia licensure
desirable. Salary is commensurate with qualifications and
experience.  Starting date: September 1, 1995.

Georgia Southern University, a unit of the University System
of Georgia, was founded in 1906 and became a regional
university on July 1, 1990.  The 601- acre campus is located
in Statesboro, a community of approximately 25,000 residents,
50 miles inland from historic Savannah and 200 miles
southeast of Atlanta.  The University's fall enrollment of
approximately 14,000 students represents nearly every U.S.
state and more than 60 nations.  Enrollment has more than
doubled since 1986, and between 1987 and 1992 national
statistics ranked Georgia Southern as the fastest growing
college or university in America.  Accredited by the Southern
Association of Colleges and Schools, Georgia Southern offers
undergraduate and graduate degrees in more than 150 majors.

The Psychology Department has 16 full-time faculty positions
serving approximately 400 undergraduate majors and graduate
students in BA, BS, and MA degree programs.

Send letter of application and current curriculum vitae and
have three letters of recommendation sent to: Dr. Dan
Webster, Clinical Search Chair, Department of Psychology,
Landrum Box 8041, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro,
Georgia 30460-8041.  Application deadline: December 15, 1994.

The names of applicants and nominees, resumes and other
general non- evaluative information are subject to public
inspection under the Georgia Open Records Act.  Georgia
Southern is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action
Institution.  Persons who need accommodation(s) in the
application process under the Americans with Disabilities Act
should notify the search chair.

Institution:   University of California, Irvine
Location:      Irvine, CA, USA

Asian American Studies Positions Director (Tenured),
Associate Professor (Tenured), Assistant Professor

The University of California, Irvine invites applications for
three positions in Asian American Studies: (1) a tenured
position (SC #12295R) at the Associate or Full Professor rank
to serve a 3 to 5 year term as Director of Asian American
Studies; (2) a tenure-track position (SC #05400) at the
Assistant or Associate Professor (tenured) rank; (3) a
tenure-track position (SC #05003) at the Assistant Professor
rank.  Candidates with disciplinary specializations in any of
the humanities or social sciences are encouraged to apply.
Up to two of these positions may be housed in Asian American
Studies; one will be shared between Asian American Studies
and a department.  The goal of position placement is to
create the best fit between a candidate's expertise and
preferences and the campus's organization.

To apply for any of these positions, send (1) a cover letter
briefly describing your experiences in Asian American
Studies; (2) a curriculum vitae; (3) if applicable, syllabi
of two or more of your courses in Asian American Studies; (4)
writing samples (not to exceed 60 printed or 100 typewritten
pages); and (5) names and addresses of at least 3 referees.
In addition, applicants for Director should present briefly
their ideas for developing an Asian American Studies program.
Applications/nominations should be submitted by December 30,
1994 to:  Professor R. Bin Wong, Director, Asian American
Studies Program, c/o Ms. June Kurata, Interdisciplinary
Studies Programs, 308 HTC, University of California, Irvine,

Irvine, CA  92717-6600.

Proof of U.S. citizenship or eligibility for U.S. employment
will be required prior to employment (Immigration Reform
Control Act of 1986).

The University of California is an Affirmative Action/Equal
Opportunity Employer committed to excellence through

17:            INFANT LAB JOB
Location:      London, UK

Due to the current post holder going on maternity leave, we
are looking to appoint a suitable candidate as temporary
Infant lab coordinator at the MRC Cognitive Development Unit.
The post will initially last for about 9 months, though there
is a possibility that it could be made permanent.  We wish to
appoint someone as soon as possible, so applications should
be submitted without delay. A description of the position is

Scientific Officer required to coordinate busy infant
laboratory.  The infant testing facilities are used by
several members of the scientific staff at the Cognitive
Development Unit to conduct experiments on the development of
attention, memory, perception and language in babies from 1
month to 3 years old.  The primary responsibilities of the
coordinator include recruiting subjects from a variety of
sources, scheduling and coordinating studies and equipment,
assisting in the running of infant experiments, supervising a
baby lab receptionist, and assisting in the experiments of Dr
Mark Johnson on the development of attention.

Applicants should have a good first degree in psychology or a
related subject, good organizational and social skills, and
interest in child development.

Salary range is from 11,766- 16,813 plus London weighting.
The successful candidate is likely to be appointed toward the
bottom of the scale.

Send applications as soon as possible to:  Dr Mark H.
Johnson, MRC Cognitive Development Unit, 4, Taviton Street,
London WC1H OBT, UK.  Further enquiries by e-mail:

Institution:   University of Pennsylvania
Location:      Philadelphia, PA, USA

The Department of Psychology intends to make a tenured or
tenure-track appointment in psychopathology or personality.
We seek candidates with demonstrated excellence in research
and teaching who would contribute to our APA-approved program
in clinical psychology.  The appointment can be made at any
level.  All candidates should submit a vita, reprints and
pre-prints, and a statement of research interests and
teaching competence.  Applicants in behavior genetics, the
biological bases of psychopathology, health psychology, and
developmental psychopathology are especially welcome.
Candidates at the non-tenured level should also arrange
for 3 letters of recommendation to be sent.  We will begin to
review applications immediately.  All materials should be
sent to: Clinical Search Committee, Department of Psychology
University of Pennsylvania, 3815 Walnut Street, Philadelphia,
PA  19104-6196.  The University of Pennsylvania is an Equal
Opportunity/Affirmative Action employer.)

NOTE:     The following listings are used by permission from
          PSYCOLOQUY, Sun, 23 October 94, Employment Section

19:            2 POSTS, CLINICAL, COG & SOCIAL
Institution:   U Texas at Austin
Location:      Austin, TX, USA

From: (Donald J. Foss)

The University of Texas at Austin, Department of Psychology,
anticipates making two faculty appointments beginning fall,
1995, subject to administrative approval. The successful
candidates will be from Clinical Psychology, or Cognitive
Psychology, or Social- Personality Psychology. Each
appointment will be at the level of Assistant Professor. The
Clinical training program is APA approved and has a strong
commitment to the scientist-practitioner training model.
Candidates for each position should show evidence of a strong
research background and a commitment to excellent teaching.
The Department is interested in adding strength to its
statistical and quantitative offerings; candidates with
applicable skills should note them in their applications.

The Psychology Department was ranked tenth in the nation in
research productivity in a recent article. It has recently
added faculty (e.g., Larry Jacoby) and expects to search for
additional faculty next year. It is in the midst of a
substantial upgrading of its computational facilities.
Austin, Texas is now well known for its excellent quality of
life and its physical beauty.

Send vita and three letters of recommendation to: Chair
(Clinical/ Cognitive/ Social) Search Committee,  Dept. of
Psychology, Mezes 330, University of Texas at Austin, Austin,
TX 78712

Review of applications will begin in the Fall of 1994, but
applications will be accepted until the positions are filled.
Women and minorities are especially encouraged to apply. The
University of Texas is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative
Action Employer.

Institution:   Wright State U
Location:      Dayton, OH, USA


Industrial/Organizational: The Department of Psychology at
Wright State University invites applications for one or more
tenure-track positions at the level of assistant or possibly
associate professor. Our program has been expanding in the
areas of Industrial/ Organizational and Human Factors
Psychology. A doctoral degree program in these areas has
recently been initiated with approval by the State of Ohio.
Applicants for the position should have a Ph.D. by the
starting date, have research training and a productive,
preferably fundable, research program in the areas of
industrial or organizational psychology. For one of the
positions, preference will be given to candidates who use and
can teach multivariate techniques at the graduate level.
Excellence in both teaching and research is expected of all
faculty. Applicants should send a curriculum vitae and have
three letters of recommendation sent to:  Dr. Joan Rentsch,
Chair, Search Committee, Department of Psychology, Wright
State University, Dayton, OH 45435.

Formal review will begin December 3, 1994, but new
applications will be fully reviewed until the position is
filled. Wright State University is an Equal
Opportunity/Affirmative Action employer.

Institution:   U OF BIRMINGHAM
Location:      Birmingham, UK

From: (Koen Lamberts)

An ESRC-funded full-time research position is available for
three years from 1st January, 1995. The appointed post-holder
will carry out experimental and theoretical research on the
time course of cognitive processes in categorization, in
collaboration with Koen Lamberts and Glyn Humphreys.
Candidates would need a strong research background in
cognitive psychology or cognitive science. Experience in
experimental design and analysis, formal model construction
and model evaluation is essential. For further information,
please contact:  Koen Lamberts, School of Psychology,
University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, U.K.
Institution:   SUNY at Binghamton
Location:      Binghamton, NY, USA


State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY.
Tenure-track line in a doctoral specialization in the
philosophy department, beginning Fall 1995, assistant
professor, salary commensurate with experience. Teaching
responsibility is 4 courses per year graduate and
undergraduate. AOS: Any area of cognitive science with an
emphasis on related areas in philosophy such as: philosophy
of mind, philosophical foundations of cognitive science or
philosophy of psychology. The successful candidate will
direct research and supervise dissertations of a highly
interdisciplinary and technical nature. It is important that
the candidate have the ability to communicate with and gain
the respect of scholars, not just in philosophy but in other
disciplines, such as psychology, cognitive science and
artificial intelligence. AOC: The candidate should be
competent in one or more of the following areas: Artificial
intelligence, connectionism, genetic algorithms, artificial
life, cognitive psychology, machine learning, knowledge
representation, problem solving, natural language processing,
computational theory, or epistemology. Undergraduate teaching
includes: introduction to philosophy, logic, and methods of
reasoning. Other responsibilities include departmental and
university service. Outstanding research leading to
publication and effective teaching are the primary criteria
for subsequent tenure and promotion. Strongly committed to
affirmative action. Recruitment conducted without regard to
race, color, sex, religion, age, disability, marital status,
sexual orientation or national origin. Send CV, examples of
written work, and three letters of recommendation to:   Prof.
E.C. Way, Chair, Search Committee, Hinman College, Binghamton
University, Binghamton, NY 13902-6000.

Review of applications will begin immediately and continue
until the position is filled. Deadlines for the receipt of
all materials is December 1 for those to be interviewed at
the Eastern Division of the APA in December.