The InterPsych Newsletter 2(1)



IPN 2(1) Section C: InterPsych and Special Interest Group Update


THE INTERPSYCH NEWSLETTER                      AUG-OCT, 1994

                           SECTION C:
| This section serves to foster awareness among InterPsych's |
| members of discussions  in different SIGs and to encourage |
| people  to  become  active  in  InterPsych.   This section |
| contains  two  general  article  types:  a) Short articles |
| discussing   current  developments   at   Interpsych   and |
| b) summaries of recent discussions in the SIGs.            |
| If  you are  interested  in writing  a summary for a group |
| that you belong to, please contact Sean Sullivan:          |
| (                                 |
| To comment on an article in this section, send a message to|
| the IPN Mailbox (                |


The Mailbase host that served as the initiating agency for the
psychiatry SIG that eventually spawned InterPsych and its SIGs
decided  to withdraw  its support as  the host  for InterPsych
(IP). The rationale for  this  decision is  that the number of
British subscribers  to the IP  lists  is relatively low  when
compared  with  American  subscribers.   Specifically, Cristyn
Emmett (  of Mailbase said that
the total number of IP members is 6144.   The number of non-UK
members is  5825. These numbers were put forward in support of
the decision by Mailbase to withdraw its support from IP.

Although many   individuals,  such  as  the  President  of IP,
Dr. Martin Seligman, and the founder of IP, Mr. Ian Pitchford,
as  well  as  multidisciplinary  professionals   voiced  sound
arguments for the appropriateness of Mailbase  to continue its
support for IP, the Mailbase administrators decided to give IP
until December 31, 1994 to find a new host.  Since that period
several  ideas  have been circulated about  a new home for IP,
including  employing listservs at different institutions.  The
American Psychological Association also  expressed interest in
hosting InterPsych, and Dr. Joseph J. Plaud, list-owner of the
clinical-psychology  SIG,  explored  the  possibility  of  the
University of North Dakota  hosting  IP.   At  this point, the
consensus  appears  to be  to proceed  slowly  and  cautiously
before making decisions on the fate of  InterPsych.  One thing
appears certain, though:  InterPsych will continue to grow and
foster  an  active exchange  of ideas and opinions.  Finding a
permanent location for hosting InterPsych's functions seems to
be  a matter of  identifying  the most logical next step,  and
proceeding full steam.                                   [JJP]



Below are summaries by list-owners for some of the SIGs that
InterPsych sponsors.


There have been a number of recent topics on the Clinical
Psychology list which have greatly piqued the interest of
the list's members.   In the past two weeks,  the  topics
that have dominated the list's discussion have surrounded
the  ongoing   political  controversy  of  the   American
Psychological  Association's   elections  -  carried   on
between Lew Lipsitt  and Kurt Salzinger,   the covariance
between  genes and the environment  in  disorders such as
obesity  and hypertension,   and  the  largest  topic  of
debate,   the  effects  of a proposal to  "immunize" pre-
teenagers  against depression  with  Cognitive Behavioral
Therapy (CAT) techniques.

This last subject is perhaps the most intriguing.  Martin
Seligman  began  the  debate  with  his  suggestion  that
preteens, aged 10-12 YO, who are at risk of depression be
taught some cognitive behavioral therapy (CAT) techniques
that might help reduce the incidence of depression.  This
is not  a new idea,  which has been suggested  by various
studies    conducted  on  this  so-called   "immunization
effect".  However,  Seligman's proposal on is new and was
criticized  by others on the list,  especially  and  most
thoroughly by Jeffrey Schaler. In a detailed rejoinder to
Seligman's  initial   and  follow-up   article,   Schaler
examined   some  of  the   wide-ranging  implications  of
Seligman's seemingly-innocuous proposal. Tor Neilands and
David Fresco  also  contributed  to  the  thoughtful  and
thought-provoking debate, which touches upon the need  of
preventive medicine, research, law, ethics, and morality.

The  merits of  clinical  vs. counseling psychology  were
also  debated.   Many  clinical psychologists  felt  that
counselors are often not properly trained in a scientist-
practitioner model,  and  gave examples  to support their
positions.  Counselors  and social workers  responded  by
saying that broad generalizations shouldn't be made,  and
some even  said  they were  better qualified  to  conduct
psychotherapy.  No consensus was reached.

The positions of Chomsky and others were  put forth  as a
way of debating  the position of Skinner  and his alleged
theoretical  shortcomings  (particularly  as  applied  to
understanding  verbal  behavior).   The  strengths  of  a
Skinnerian argument were persuasive.           [JMG, JJP]


After  some  interesting discussion  on the  evolutionary
adaptiveness  of depressotypic  behavior,  the Depression
SIG has simmered down of late.

Members are invited  to share recent research or thoughts
regarding mood disorders,   including but not limited to:
neurobiological    and    psychological    vulnerability;
personality and depression;  consequences  of depression;
description of depression;  and  co-morbidity  with other
disorders.               [Contributor: Dr. Thomas Joiner]


We're hovering at about 400 members.   Dr. Seligman and I
are  stepping  up   our  efforts  to  get  us  through  a
discussion dry spell.  Some pretty big names in the field
of helplessness have joined or have expressed interest in

We   will  soon begin  two  new  types  of  discussion:
1)  Discussion  of in progress work  related to helpless-
ness and 2) Theoretical target articles  and  responses -
but  not  as  formal  as  an  E-journal.    Also    under
consideration, but probably too preliminary to hype are a
Helplessness gopher site and WWW Page.
                          [Contributor: Dr. David Fresco]


The psychopharmacology list  has been averaging  about 10
messages a day.   We now have  about 400 members  from 16

Recent  discussions  have been  on such  topics as: with-
drawal syndromes  following the discontinuation of  anti-
depressants;   the  combined  use  of  psychotherapy  and
psychopharmacology; psychotherapeutic agents mentioned in
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy,  the use of narcotics for
the treatment of  people with depressions;   the combined
use  of  antipsychotics and Psychostimulants;  the use of
once a month  fluoxetine (Prozac)  for  the treatment  of
women with severe PMS.
                         [Contributor: Dr. Ivan Goldberg]


The Psychiatry mailing list is the special interest group
(SIG)  that most people join  when they first learn about
InterPsych.   It  is  the  most general  and  the   least
specialized of the InterPsych SIGs.

The communications  of the Psychiatry group  have  ranged
from general information-seeking  to on-line debates on a
wide variety of topics,  with a stimulating,  refreshing,
and  sometimes startling mixture of perspectives  offered
by   clinicians,    patients,    students,   researchers,
educators,   and  many  others.   Many  people   actively
participate in group discussions, others choose to simply
observe; some use the group to gather information, others
use it to develop collaborative networks;   some find the
discussions in the psychiatry group too wide-ranging  and
opt  for one or  more  narrower focused  InterPsych SIGs;
others find it just to their liking.

In my opinion, the Psychiatry SIG has played  -  and will
likely continue to play - two very key roles in the rapid
growth of InterPsych.  First, it has been an  "on-ramp to
the information highway" for many people who are learning
for  the  first  time   about  Internet  applications  in
psychiatry  and  psychology;   second, many of the ideas,
interests,   and even some dissatisfactions voiced in the
Psychiatry SIG  have propelled  the development  of other
SIGs.  These  two roles serve  to recruit and educate new
members,   and also  to stimulate further differentiation
and development of InterPsych.
                       [Contributor: Dr. Charles Stinson]


Our  membership is now approaching 600.   The  number  of
messages per day varies from 1-10.  Most recent topics of
discussion  have  included  research and treatment issues
associated  with false memory syndrome,   EMDR,   and the
rescue and emotional recovery of  those affected  by  the
Estonia ship disaster  that resulted  in the death of 900
Swedes, Estonians, and others. The tone on the network is
always   constructive,    friendly,    respectful,    and
encouraging.    We are especially pleased to have members
from countries outside North America and Europe.    There
are  a number of study groups led by senior scholars  and
clinicians working with  more junior members  from places
with  few resources  for developing skills and  knowledge
in the area of traumatology. New members are welcome.
                        [Contributor: Dr. Charles Figley]


| The  following is a list  of  current  InterPsych Special |
| Interest  Groups (SIGs).    In this issue, we are listing |
| all of the SIGs.  In subsequent issues, we will only list |
| new SIGs that have been formed.    The name of each group |
| precedes a short description of the group.                |
| To join any of these lists, send a message to             |
| MAILBASE@MAILBASE.AC.UK with the body: join NAME.OF       |
| GROUP YOUR.FIRST.NAME YOUR.LAST.NAME.                     |
| To leave any list send                                    |
| a message to MAILBASE@MAILBASE.AC.UK with the body: leave |
| NAME.OF.GROUP.                                            |

     This list welcomes discussion on Bowlby-Ainsworth's
     theory of attachment. From theoretical and
     philosophical issues, to clinical or applied
     issues. Particular emphasis is given to
     socio-affective and defensive processes, and
     unconscious representations.

     This list promotes the exchange of ideas on matters
     relevant to clinical psychology, and particularly
     to the practice of clinical psychology.

     A forum for the discussion of issues related to the
     field of Applied Psychophysiology, Medical
     Psychology and Biofeedback.  The list's primary
     purpose is to allow professionals - psychiatrists,
     nurses, psychologists, social workers, other
     medical personnel to share ideas about clinical

     The Child Psychiatry list is devoted to the
     discussion of various issues around Child and
     Adolescent Psychiatry. This includes treatment
     issues, psychopharmacology, inpatient/outpatient
     care plans, emergency child/adolescent psychiatry

     This forum exists for scholarly discussion of
     issues related to mood disorders in clinical and
     research settings. Integrative biological-
     psychological contributions are particularly
     welcome. Topics include causation, correlates,
     consequences, co-morbidity, treatment/prevention,

     We encourage the broad discussion of all topics -
     medical, psychotherapeutic,social,legal - that
     relate to the practice  of Emergency Psychiatry. We
     invite mental health professionals, students, and
     users to contribute their research, clinical
     wisdom, questions, and personal experiences.

     To serve as a forum for the scholarly and collegial
     discussion of issues in forensic psychiatry.

     Learned Helplessness and Explanatory Style was
     created to discuss the latest research on animals
     and humans, biological substratum, depression,
     anxiety, prevention, CAVE, politics, children,
     personal control, health, battering, bereavement,
     PTSD, sex differences, pessimism, work,

     A closed forum for debate amongst those responsible
     for the administration of InterPsych, including
     trustees, members of the board of directors and
     advisory board, journal and newsletter editors and
     associate editors, regional representatives,
     committee members, and other staff and volunteers.

     If you want to help develop InterPsych send a note
     outlining your experience.

     All contributions relevant to Managed Behavioural
     HealthCare are welcomed. A particular emphasis is
     the development of multidisciplinary
     outpatient-based treatment provider groups.
     Discussion topics include: best clinical practices,
     outcomes research, insurance, case management, and

11.  PSY-ART
     This list deals with the psychological study of the
     arts, especially literature and film. Most of us
     apply psychoanalysis, but some of us use cognitive
     science, experimental psychology, or reader-
     response studies. We welcome comments from any
     psychological orientation.

     This list is for discussion of current issues in
     Psychiatry, Clinical Psychology and related fields.
     Topics might include Provision of Mental Health
     Services; Ethical Issues; Professional Development/
     Training; Public Image of Psychiatry and
     Psychology; and The future of Mental Health

     Many research findings and viewpoints in psychiatry
     are controversial,leaving a gulf between those
     pursuing radically different approaches to mental
     illness. This forum will act as a bridge between
     those taking a biomedical approach and those taking
     a psychodynamic approach.

     This sublist focuses on research and clinical
     issues related to use of psychological tests
     (including traditional clinical instruments &     normal personality measures) in psychiatry and
     clinical psychology.

     This list is intended for those who wish to
     co-operate in the compilation of a resource guide
     to enable clinicians and academics in the areas of
     psychiatry and abnormal psychology to gain maximum
     benefit from the facilities available over the

     This list is designed to promote dialogue about
     psychoanalysis in all its aspects including
     clinical practice, psychoanalytic theory,
     education, organizational issues, relations with
     other disciplines, and applications to the
     humanities, social sciences and public policy.

     The purpose of the Psychopharmacology mailing list
     is to provide a forum for the professional
     discussion of all aspects of clinical
     psychopharmacology.  Clinical psychopharmacology is
     broadly defined as the treatment individuals with
     psychiatric disorders through the use of
     psychotropic medications. All mental health
     professionals, and graduate students may subscribe
     to the Psychopharmacology Mailing List.

     For discussions related to language and
     psychopathology. Discussions could include:
     theories of language and their relevance for the
     study of psychopathological speech, new research
     and publications in the area, requests for help
     with one's own research.

     Discussion of the delivery of mental health
     services to diverse cultures. Topics may include,
     cultural differences in views on mental disorders,
     culture-specific syndromes, collaboration between
     Western and traditional healers, and cultural
     variance in symptoms.

     This list promotes the investigation, assessment,
     and treatment of the immediate and long-term
     psychosocial, biophysiological, and existential
     consequences of highly stressful (traumatic)
     events. Of special interest are efforts to identify
     a cure of PTSD (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder)