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                    ADDICTION IS A CHOICE


                   Jeffrey A. Schaler, Ph.D.
                          Open Court
                    Chicago, Illinois, USA

       "Herein, Dr. Schaler drives a stake into the heart of the
'disease' concept of addictions.  Millions of people have stopped
smoking, abusing mind-altering drugs, and drinking addictively on their
own, without the intervention of counselors or doctors or programs.  Dr.
Schaler explains persuasively why and how this happens, despite all the
genetic and hormonal predispositions."

                          --JOSEPH GERSTEIN, M.D., F.A.C.P.,
                                      Harvard Medical School

      "This is indeed a rare book.  Schaler has produced a
unique, masterly work which explains addiction from a
revelatory perspective.  The reader can learn how the
controversial area of addiction can be looked at and
understood in a new light."

                                     --MORRIS CHAFETZ, M.D.,
                                          Founding Director,
          National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

      "Dr. Schaler has a hard-hitting, no-nonsense style which for me
made Addiction Is a Choice a clear and fascinating read.  The wealth of
information and fresh insights reflect the writer's career as
scholar-teacher-therapist, and especially his many years of research and
practical work in the addiction field.  The book dispels many myths
about addiction and should provide liberating insights to the
afflicted.  It deserves to have a major impact on the way we think and
act in our dealings with addictions."

                                --HERBERT FINGARETTE, Ph.D.,
                           Professor Emeritus of Philosophy,
                     University of California, Santa Barbara

      "Addiction Is a Choice" is a powerful antidote against the twin
poisons of anti-drug propaganda and drug prohibition."

                                       --THOMAS SZASZ, M.D.,
                           Professor of Psychiatry Emeritus,
                        SUNY Health Science Center, Syracuse

      "The pendulum has begun its swing back--could it be that drug and
alcohol addictions are not diseases after all, but bad personal
choices?  Can addiction be overcome by mustering the strength of
character to turn away from such choices?  Psychologist Schaler
(Justice, Law, and Society/American Univ.:  Smoking:  Who Has the
Right?, not reviewed) argues convincingly that society has erred in
giving in completely to the AA vision that addiction is a disease, that
addicts can't help themselves, and that they need a higher power to be
saved.  Addiction (which at one time meant only devotion or dedication)
has come to mean "any activity which individuals engage in, deliberately
and consciously, and are physically unable to stop themselves from
pursuing."  Rejecting such a definition out of hand, Schaler maintains
that "people are responsible for their deliberate and conscious
behavior."  He is sympathetic for those struggling with addiction;  he
doesn't oversimplify his own or his opponents' arguments;  and he
readily acknowledges his philosophical forefathers (Thomas Szasz, for
one, from the last time the pendulum was at this end of its arc).  His
reading of the results of research into addiction-that it fails to
support the disease model-is convincing.  And his resulting suggestions
for changes in public policy and for individual change demand
      If not a new model for viewing addiction, at least a provocative
update of an old one."

                         --KIRKUS REVIEWS, December 15, 1999

      Politicians and the media tell us that people who take
drugs, including alcohol or nicotine, cannot help
themselves.  They are supposedly victims of the disease of
'addiction', and they need 'treatment'.  The same goes for
sex addicts, shopping addicts, food addicts, gambling
addicts, or even addicts to abusive relationships.

      This theory, which grew out of the Temperance movement
and was developed and disseminated by the religious cult
known as Alcoholics Anonymous, has not been confirmed by
any factual research.  Numerous scientific studies show
that 'addicts' are in control of their behavior.

      Contrary to the shrill, mindless propaganda of the
'war on drugs', very few of the people who use alcohol,
marijuana, heroin, or cocaine will ever become 'addicted',
and of those who do become heavy drug users, most will
mature out of it in time, without treatment.  Research
indicates that 'treatment' is completely ineffective, an
absolute waste of time and money.

      Instead of looking at drug addiction as a disease, Dr.
Schaler proposes that we view it as willful commitment or
dedication, akin to joining a religion or pursuing a
romantic involvement.  While heavy consumption of drugs is
often foolish and self-destructive, it is a matter of
personal choice.

1.   Two Ways of Looking at Addiction
2.   Is Addiction Really a Disease?
3.   Do Drug Addicts Lose It?
4.   How Beliefs Affect Reality
5.   Where Did the Disease Model Come From?
6.   Smoking Right and Responsibility
7.   Who Are the Addiction Treatment Providers?
8.   Busting the Disease-Model Cult
9.   The Project MATCH Cover-up
10.  Moderation Management and Murder
11.  Thinking Differently about Addiction
12.  Addiction Treatment and the First Amendment
13.  What to Do about Addiction

                     Open Court Publishers
                 Chicago and LaSalle, Illinois
               ISBN 0-8126-9404-X (Paper) $19.95
                 0-8126-9403-1 (Cloth) $42.95
             Distributed by Publishers Group West
            (1-800-815-2280 toll free order direct)